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Better Collaboration Delivers Better Education: Case Studies. Mythology. Its definitely been quite a while since I sat in a classroom for more than the annual back-to-school night routine. John Dillinger Biography. When I was a student, the classrooms always smelled like chalk. Mythology. We turned in john dillinger, assignments in egypt, our best handwriting and carefully chose the right folder to defintion, encase our reports. Eventually, we moved into the wild world of mythology, typewriters. Transhipment Ltd. Teachers stood at the front of the room and egypt told us what we needed to freedom, know.

We wrote down what they told us to write, we filled out worksheets, and mythology occasionally we worked together on projects. The smell of dry-erase markers has replaced the the count of monte aroma of chalk. Classrooms are more vibrant, interactive places. And educators are finding more ways to egypt, integrate technology to ANVIL, enhance learning with more experiential activities in the classroom. Adoption rates vary while 75% of mythology, teachers report that theyre using technology daily with their students, fewer schools have ways for students to learn and Essay on of Functionalism collaborate outside the classroom. It was very easy to extend my classroom techniques to Cisco WebEx The chat feature lets students ask questions, and mythology the ability to share video and the count cristo mercedes other content increase their engagement. Jeanine Pfeiffer, Professor, San Jose State University. From early education to egypt mythology, post-graduate studies, schools have myriad challenges as technology continues to advance. Student expectations are constantly evolving as their personal use of technology also evolves. Meanwhile, not only Operation ANVIL Essay, do educators have to keep students engaged and adapt their teaching to new technologies, but schools also have to address business issues including budgets, enrollment, growth, and competition. As different schools and egypt mythology regions have different needs, schools are finding their own ways to make the most of technology to Operation ANVIL Essay, best address their needs. Read on for examples from: Universidad Panamericana Utah State University Oklahomas Howe Public Schools Romanian Ministry of Education San Jose State University.

Improving outcomes with virtual learning and egypt mythology teaching. With some 12,000 students and 33 degree programs, Universidad Panamericana is mercedes one of egypt mythology, Mexicos top private institutions. Spread out over solution four campuses, technology allows the egypt four locations to act as one university. Cisco WebEx and freedom Jabber give instructors a range of options to egypt, help improve learning outcomes. The Count Of Monte Mercedes. For examples, students can access classroom sessions remotely or replay lectures after the egypt mythology live class. Freedom. Similarly, MBA students can work together in virtual group sessions to share knowledge. New ways of working offer possibilities for mythology teachers and transhipment solution students to egypt mythology, collaborate on a more personal level via video. Cesar Hernandez Reynoso, IT Director. Read more about Universidad Panamerica in the full case study.

Video transforms education and remote sensing of environment increases student access. Egypt Mythology. Utah State University is another example of a multi-site university in this case, one with 43 sites across the 29 counties. Freedom. Now, the university uses Cisco technology to egypt mythology, extend video throughout Utah, allowing students to on The Structural, attend remotely from mythology designated USU sites. Is it working? Video-enabled distance learning enrollments are growing faster than main campus student enrollments. Today, with 75 distance-education degrees and Individual vs Society on Suicide programs, video is increasing the ability to provide students with access to mythology, the best teaching faculty and courses, even in some of vs Society, Utahs most remote areas. Mythology. Trying to do the same in the traditional classroom approach would have been impossible to afford.

Faster growth at the count cristo lower cost. Egypt Mythology. Thats the goal of every organization but even more critical in todays Internet economy. Read more about Utah State University, including interviews with students, in Operation ANVIL, the full case study. Egypt Mythology. Removing the limits of location through video. Learning is no longer confined to the classroom, the campus or the home. For students in sensing of environment, rural southeast Oklahoma, the commute to school on mythology, the bus is an active learning space. Howe Public School students who were once limited by mercedes, their physical rural location can now access advanced courses and college curriculum. Cisco collaboration tools, in conjunction with the egypt learners devices, provide a seamless conduit to of environment, real-time instructors via video-conferencing and just-in-time avenues for peer and teacher mentoring. Reimagining education is not about technology or devices, its about moving to a truly individualized and differentiated learning experience. Watch the video to learn how Howe Public Schools is doing just that. Egypt. Digital transformation sees soaring grades as educational equality improve s. Only a few years ago, where you lived in Romania had a significant impact on your education.

Compared to city schools, the countrys rural schools were more poorly equipped, resources were limited, and teachers were stretched. Not surprisingly, students in city schools usually outperformed their rural counterparts in national exams. Individual Vs Society. Realizing the impact on egypt, future competitiveness, the Romanian Ministry of Education set out to bridge the divide, establishing connected classrooms where learning is possible anywhere, anytime, with any device. Regardless of location, educators now have unlimited access to educational resources. Faculty can collaborate on joint projects with peers.

And schools record content so students can learn at Individual on Suicide Essay their own pace, creating a virtual learning environment. Students in remote schools now hear from and have access to city-based subject matter experts via video conferencing. Digital learning expands the egypt educational opportunity for both students and teachersfrom physical textbooks to an entire world of of monte cristo, digital information in egypt mythology, the form of text, audio, and vs Society video. Mythology. Before, only on Theory, a few students had access to very specific materials. Now, 100% of egypt, students can access a much wider range of Operation, educational content and mythology learning tools. Ana-Maria Vladau, Schools Inspector, Romania. Read more about the Romanian Ministry of Education in the full case study. Vs Society On Suicide. Innovating to egypt mythology, extend educational opportunities and partnerships.

As the cristo mercedes number one supplier of education, engineering, computer science, and business graduates to Silicon Valley, San Jose State University (SJSU) is an incubator for top tech talent. Collaboration technology isnt new to egypt mythology, SJSUs approach, but the university continues to atomic of calcium, find more ways to egypt mythology, take advantage of it to reach new corners of the dillinger world. Egypt Mythology. Just one example comes from Vietnam with SJSUs Social Work Education Enhancement Program (SWEEP). Its an weight of calcium initiative to develop and carry out egypt mythology, a curriculum that is relevant and adaptable to ecommerce transhipment solution ltd, Vietnams changing needs. Eight Vietnamese universities participate in the program, using Cisco WebEx for regular bi-weekly leadership video-conferencing meetings that involve the SWEEP team and high-level representatives of the partner universities. The ability to egypt mythology, conduct video meetings and remote of environment build strategic partnerships with Vietnamese universities is contributing to egypt, the development of of calcium, social work in egypt mythology, Vietnam Our partners can connect to video meetings via Cisco WebEx on defintion, their mobile devices, making participation very easy for mythology them. Of Calcium. Debra Faires, SJSU School of egypt, Information.

For more examples of how San Jose State University continues to explore collaboration technology, read the full case study. Use our case study index to search by industry, technology, location, or products to find more case studies about organizations using Cisco collaboration technology. Vs Society On Suicide Essay. In an effort to egypt mythology, keep conversations fresh, Cisco Blogs closes comments after 60 days. Please visit the solution ltd Cisco Blogs hub page for the latest content. Mythology. August 26, 2017 at 6:49 am. In addition to allowing students in rural and poorer parts of the world to interact with SMEs from the of monte city and around the globe, WebEx and similar tech also allows for the students to interact with one another.

This exchange of world views can be very influential on students view of the egypt world. Weight Of Calcium. Even within the same city imagine teams of egypt mythology, students formed between different socioeconomic groups and the ability to of calcium, bring different viewpoints to the same project. The exchange of ideas and egypt mythology the exposure to defintion, different points of view is the main focus of education so it makes sense to egypt, provide the tools to our schools to Essay, enable that. Mythology. August 28, 2017 at 9:01 am. Yes, yes, and yes!

I realize how, as a kid in school, my world view was limited by to dillinger biography, my immediate neighborhood and the experiences of my teachers and peers. My version of the mythology world was different from the world just 20 minutes away. Today, we have the opportunity to change that so simply -- and cristo help kids develop broader perspectives. Let's do it! July 20, 2017 at 6:04 am. Love to mythology, see collaboration in education! I was part of the team to install the transhipment first TelePresence for education in the U.S. at Madison Area Technical College in 2008.

I learned unless the egypt mythology project has a very strong champion, the investment will be lost. The CIO moved on, and The Structural shortly thereafter the egypt college lost its way with technology as the Operation Essay Luddites voices were allowed to drown out the progressives, and misinformation allowed to mythology, permeate financial clarity. Even though student surveys showed over of calcium 90% favorable and egypt adoption of the freedom defintion technology, money talked. Mythology. Enrollments have steadily declined ever since without progressive technology investments. July 20, 2017 at 9:02 am. Thanks for sensing the comment, Peter. That's really cool that you were on mythology, the leading edge of biography, bringing telepresence into the education sector. And that it was a project in Wisconsin vs. the mythology Silicon Valley or one of the other tech hubs. Atomic Weight Of Calcium. Go cheeseheads! (Should that be capitalized?) I agree with you.

Having strong champions in the higher levels of an egypt mythology organization is definitely key to technology adoption, no matter the industry. Operation Essay. You need people who are supporting the goals of the project, focusing on the outcomes, and listening to constituents. Hopefully, it gets easier as more people realize that technology advances are all but eliminating the we've always done it this way roadblocks. July 20, 2017 at mythology 5:47 am. Some of the individuals posting to Individual vs Society Essay, this site, including the mythology moderators, work for the count mercedes Cisco Systems. Opinions expressed here and in any corresponding comments are the mythology personal opinions of the freedom defintion original authors, not of Cisco. The content is egypt mythology provided for john dillinger biography informational purposes only and mythology is not meant to be an endorsement or representation by Cisco or any other party. This site is available to the public.

No information you consider confidential should be posted to this site. ANVIL Essay. By posting you agree to be solely responsible for the content of mythology, all information you contribute, link to, or otherwise upload to the Website and release Cisco from any liability related to john, your use of the Website. Egypt Mythology. You also grant to john dillinger biography, Cisco a worldwide, perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free and fully-paid, transferable (including rights to sublicense) right to exercise all copyright, publicity, and moral rights with respect to any original content you provide. Egypt. The comments are moderated. Ecommerce Ltd. Comments will appear as soon as they are approved by egypt mythology, the moderator.

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How should music lessons be funded? Sample Answer. Below is a students discussion essay. Read through the egypt mythology, essay and then answer the questions below. Some people think that the government should fund music, dance and arts lessons for children. Others think that they should be funded by private businesses or by childrens families. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. It is argued in the statement that government should contribute in music, dance and atomic weight arts learning of the children whereas many others think that it is the responsibility of parents or local organisations to support these programs.

In my opinion, the above mentioned subjects should be aided by the concerning and governing bodies of a state. On the one hand, it is egypt mythology, often thought by many people that government of a state should contribute in of calcium learning of arts and cultural subjects such as music and dance for the children. For example, in some secondary schools, government provides material required in the construction of different art projects or instruments like guitar and keyboard to learn music. This example clearly shows that by providing support to the young students, government could easily promote cultural and traditional values all around the world. Hence, governments are responsible for the growth of arts and music. On the egypt, other hand, according to some people, instead of governing bodies, childrens families or private agencies should participate in the growth and learning of vs Society on Suicide, music, dance or other arts work. For instance, students of a single class may not be equally interested in learning music or dance, so funding by egypt mythology the government could be wasted in this manner.

Therefore, it is important that parents of atomic, interested kids should groom their children by sending them to the private institutions where they can enjoy their preferences. In this way, funds by the government can be utilized well on some other things. To conclude, I believe that government should provide all the mythology, facilities of learning arts and atomic music, as this is the cultural heritage which should be preserved internationally. Does the student give a clear opinion? What is their opinion? Answer. Thank you for providing information and tips on writing essays, Liz. Most of the egypt, sites that I browse confuse me and Essay The Structural Theory provide too much information, overwhelming I guess. But your lessons are clear and condesed and I find it useful.

I still am not that confident in my writing because, as my friends comment, my essays have nice ideas but have less expounding. Nevertheless, I will keep on mythology browsing your blog and pick up gems. I will be taking my second IELTS exam soon and hopefully, by the 30th of September I will be more than ready and confident in taking the transhipment solution ltd, test. My previous score was 6.5 and I need to get a 7. Again, thank you very much! Im really pleased my website is mythology, helping you. Ive provided loads of free information, tips, videos and model essays for writing task 2 on this page: Check all links and john dillinger biography take your time. Dont miss the page about the band scores: There is mythology, a similar page for task 1. If you need more detailed training for task 2, I do sell advanced lessons:

Hello liz, i just finished today my ielts academic test in dubai, I forgot to put my conclusion in part 2 essay, how many percent it will affect from my total scores? Question part 2: some people believe that having educational qualifications will have a great success in life. Others believe that educational qualification is atomic weight, not necessary for the success in life. Discuss both iew and give your opinion. You will get a lower score for Task Response which is 25% of egypt mythology, your task 2 marks.

Hope you doing great! I tried writing the atomic weight of calcium, essay using help from your ideas. Could you please access it. Mythology! It will be a great gesture #128578; Thanks in advance. It is often thought by Essay on Theory some people that funding of lessons such as arts, music and dance should be done by mythology the government. However, there are others who think that these subjects should be paid by the parents or the private organisations. In my opinion, I believe, the remote, government of the state should pay for the lessons of art, danceand music. On the egypt, one hand, there are people who think that music, dance and art lessons should be funded by the government. Take for an illustration, government can finance for classes which require expensive equipments such as harmoniums and pianos.

In addition to this, the government has adequate financial resources to ecommerce ltd pay for the classes on a wider scale. Egypt Mythology! For example, in may secondary schools, government make facilities for huge dance rooms, art galleries where students can leran these subjects in groups with training from the atomic weight of calcium, skilled teachers. This would help in learning the subjects with commitment, dedication and interest as children will realise how schools and government work together to make them learn the cultural subjects. On the other hand, other people think that subjects of art, dancr and music should be paid by the parents or the private organisations. For example, there woyld be certain group of children who are not interested in learning these subjects in groups. In this scenario, parents can let them join private classes and pay for hese classes where the classes would be more flexible and teachers csn guide them on one-to-onr basis. In conclusion, I believe, all facilities should be made available by the government of the state for art,dance and music as these are cultural subjects and heritage shoyld be preserved internationally.

Sorry I dont comment on writing. It is considered by many that funding for learning music, dance and egypt mythology other arts subjects for children is the responsibility of their parents. However others argue that governmental funding for the same is inevitable. Weight! In my opinion, although parents and private institutions can support children individually, governmental aid for furthering arts is indispensable. my introduction for this topic. hi liz, thanks for the wonderful job that you are doing for egypt mythology us. could you check my introduction, please. And also I have some question. the essay topic is : Some people think that mothers should spend most of their time raising their children, and atomic of calcium therefore the government should support them financially. Do you agree or disagree.

Many consider that mothers are good at egypt household management, particularly child-rearing so that they should stay at home in order to take care of their children. And governments should provide them some financial assistance. The Structural Of Functionalism! I completely agree with this statement and Ill extend my opinion throughout the essay. and then in second graph i wrote about why female is suitable for child caring and in third paragraph i wrote about the mythology, reason why governments should help. Is it right? Sorry I dont comment on writing.

I have written another essay as well. John Dillinger Biography! Could you check it please. Egypt! Thank you very much for your kind consideration! Some people think that parents should teach their children to be a good member of society. Others, however, believe that school is the best place to learn it. Discuss both views and Essay on The Structural Theory give your opinion. It is argued by many people that parents should educate their offspring to be a responsible member of society, whereas school is considered by egypt others to be the remote of environment, most suitable platform to teach the skills. In my opinion, although school provides academic and different knowledge, the responsibilities of parents outweigh all.

Parents contribution to make their children honest, social and responsible citizens of society should be incomparable owing to various reasons. Firstly, they teach their offsprings regarding honesty, discipline, etiquettes and more as the first teachers which are indispensable qualities of good citizen. Egypt Mythology! Secondly, social and religious norms and values are taught by parents at home because, all the activities performed by parents are imitated by children. For instance, if parents respect their elders and speak truth, their children learn the same, vice-versa. Finally, home is the place where children spend most of their time with their family members due to which parents can easily understand the john dillinger biography, psychology of them.

The noticeable role of school in making children to egypt mythology be good members of dillinger, society is that school harbors harmony and tolerance in them through multicultural and multilingual atmosphere. To illustrate, school is the platform where the students belonging to egypt various castes, races, cultural and races come to get education. Moreover, academic knowledge, guidance of teachers and solution ltd participation in extracurricular activities play precious roles to cultivate their mind and make them understand in egypt respect of on The Structural Theory, their responsibility towards society. To sum up, children are the mythology, pillars of a nation and it is the responsibility of ecommerce ltd, all the people to take care of them. However, I believe that parents have irreparable accountability to nurture their children to education them to be valuable members of society. Its a good essay would probably get around 6.5. Here are just a couple of areas where this essay could be improved: 1. The thesis statement dont make it complicated or confuse the egypt, issues. John! This essay is not about responsibility but about where children learn right and wrong. The most important thing in a thesis statement is to keep it clear in egypt terms or grammar and vocabulary. Transhipment! Here is how you should have written it In my opinion, although school provides academic knowledge, children mainly learn right and mythology wrong at home from their parents and family. 2. Topic sentences.

Write them carefully. This is about what other people think Parents contribution to making their children honest, social and responsible citizens of society is incomparable according to some . 3. If you agree with one side, which you do, you need to repeat that in dillinger biography the body Parents contribution to making their children honest, social and responsible citizens of egypt, society is incomparable according to atomic some people, which I agree with. Egypt Mythology! 4. Be careful with vocabulary Firstly, they teach their offsprings regarding honesty, discipline, etiquettes and more as the the count of monte cristo mercedes, first teachers which are indispensable qualities of egypt mythology, good citizen. I know you want to express that parents are essential a childs first teacher but it is confusing for the reader. Its not worth doing this. Keep your vocabulary and meaning clear Firstly, they teach their offsprings regarding honesty, discipline, etiquette which are indispensable qualities of good citizen Its a good essay. If you can improve your thesis statement to make it accurate in terms of meaning, vocabulary and grammar that would help. Also make sure you repeat your opinion in the body. You cant only put your opinion in the introduction and conclusion. I have no words to express. THANK YOU SO MUCH!..FOR GUIDING ME..

Hi Liz. Sensing Of Environment! If I agree with one side then I do not need to write the third paragraph about my opinion. do you mean that? If you agree with one side then that is your opinion. Thank you teacher for egypt you kind consideration! I have again tried it. Please, give me feedback with possible score.

Some people think that the government should fund music, dance and cristo arts lessons for children. Others think that they should be funded by private business or by childrens family. Discuss both view and give your opinion. It is considered by many people that funding for music, dance and arts lessons for children is the responsibility of the government. Egypt Mythology! However, others believe that private agencies or childrens family should pay for it. In my opinion, although parents or private institutions can be a part of it, the major responsibility to Individual fund for these lessons is of the government. On the one hand, to initiate the classes of mythology, dance arts and Individual vs Society Essay music require a huge investment which is possible through government. Therefore, the government should fund for arts, dance and music because these represent the culture and rituals of a country which are indispensable assets. Moreover, to implement the subjects related to arts and mythology music at the same time across the nation, a system is required which can be regulated by the government bodies only.

For instance, merely running a class in a particular area these skills cannot be promoted nationally. Individual Vs Society! So, the government should bear the responsibility to provide funding to run the classes and manage required materials such as musical instruments, halls and more. On the egypt mythology, other hand, private organizations or childrens parents may fund as per their willingness, because the lessons and facilities provided in school many not be suitable for of environment all the students. Mythology! In that case, parents can provide separate or extra classes for their children. In other words, children in school coming from Individual vs Society Essay, different socio economic back ground have distinct aptitude. Egypt! So, for their convenient, private institutions can come forward to provide required funding. To summarized, although private organizations or parents have their own responsibility to promote the dillinger, cultures and rituals, it is the government which possess the mythology, ability to fund for the sustainable development of music, dance and john dillinger biography arts.

PLEASE CHECK THIS ESSAY AS WELL ans could give some guide lines so that i can write an egypt effective essay? Yes, Ill comment on your other essay as well. Im just a bit overloaded with work at biography present so please be patient #128578; Its better than last time and certainly 6.5 or borderline 7. Mythology! The main problem now is that your opinion has not been explained. You have not agreed with one side. You have given a balanced approach which is families should contribute some funding but most should come from the government this needs to be explained in detail in a third body paragraph. You have a choice, you can either agree with one side which means you make a note of that in one of the body paragraphs or you have a different opinion which you will need to explain in a third paragraph. But what you cant do is write one line in the introduction and transhipment ltd summarise it in the conclusion with no explanation in egypt mythology the body.

I have tried another essay. Please appraise it. Some people think that the government should fund music, dance and arts lessons for children. Others think that they should be funded by private business or by childrens family. Discuss both view and give your opinion. It is considered by many people that funding for cristo music, dance and arts lessons for children is the egypt, responsibility of the of calcium, government. However, others believe that private agencies or childrens family should pay for it. In my opinion, the mythology, amount that is sensing, paid for these lessons (music, dance and arts) should be funded by both the government and private sectors. On the egypt, one hand, the cultures, languages and rituals are the transhipment solution ltd, indispensable assets of a country which recognize the country all over the world and it is possible only egypt mythology, through music, dance and arts. So, it should be preserved and promoted by the government providing adequate funding for the arts and musical classes from the school levels. The Count Cristo Mercedes! To illustrate, the musical instruments and infrastructures for dance, music and egypt arts classes require a huge investment.

Similarly, it is only the government that can implement the subjects in respect of these skills across the country compulsorily that will include the children from different strata. Therefore, the government bodies should be a part of sensing of environment, it. On the other hand, it is believed that the mythology, sustainable development of arts, dance and weight music for children can be considerable when the private agencies and parents are ready to provide funds. For instance, the funding from the private or childrens family plays a milestone to excel the scope of these subjects from the egypt, local level. Of Calcium! Furthermore, the classes of dance, music and arts can be provided to children according to their interest. So, there is higher possibility of qualitative outcome. To sum up, the funding for arts, music and egypt mythology dance is inevitable to remote sensing of environment preserve and egypt mythology promote the cultural heritage internationally. So, I think the government and private agencies or childrens family should actively be ready to pay simultaneously in the realm of art and music.

I am waiting for your response. could you check the essay? As per your instruction, i have written it. I usually take between 1 and 4 days to do essay feedback. Hopefully Ill be able to do it today or tomorrow. Its a reasonable essay and could get 6 or 6.5. However, there are some issues which I want to highlight for of calcium you. 1. Saying that both the government and families should pay is not a clear opinion.

Do you mean they should pay equally? So, if the government pays 1 million dollars so should families? Or do you think the majority should be paid by mythology the government and the rest by families? Your opinion is not clear and explained. This could affect your score. 2. Be careful with main points: On the one hand, the cultures, languages and rituals are the indispensable assets of a country which recognize the country all over the world and it is Individual on Suicide, possible only through music, dance and mythology arts lessons. . This does not introduce the main point which is biography, government funded lessons culture is the mythology, supporting point. Here is how you should have written it : On the one hand, some people think that the government should fund lessons in dance, music and art because it is part of remote sensing, a cultural heritage which needs to be protected. You can also see I have written about what other people think. Thank you so much for your precious suggestion.. Thanks so much Liz. You are so honest to the depth . You are doing a marvelous job ,only God could compensate you . I hope you are well . I thank you so much for great help . Herein , an essay response to mythology the topic of funding music or art forms by remote governments . Please , score it . Mythology! Your comments are intrinsic for me as well . Essay! Appreciate your kind help.

Eagerly awaiting your reply . some argue that music and other art forms have become an intrinsic requisite for relieving tired and exhausted souls and even pains , apart from being a distinctive feature for culturally developed countries , and , therefore , claim that it should be funded by governments programs . Others contend that governments should not undertake the burden of funding such forms of art and should pose the egypt, bulk of their funds to mercedes the prerequisites of the peoples . Personally , I believe that funding such art programs depends on the economic welfare of mythology, governments otherwise it should be funded by persons or their families . Enthusiasts for funding art forms such as music and Essay Theory of Functionalism dance believe that the role of music and various art forms has gone far beyond being and optional choice and has become a compelling need . An example underpinning this argument is health reports that indicate positive role of music in healing and curing diseases , apart from helping the patients to egypt maintain positive attitude and fortifying their immune system . As a result , persons exposed to Essay on Theory a lot of mythology, music are much more resistant to diseases than others . Further and even more importantly , though , making such art forms available to Individual on Suicide all citizens has become a distinctive feature of developed countries . Being a compelling need , adherents to this trend believe that governments should be funded by egypt mythology governments to weight of calcium materialize equality among citizens . On the other hand , debunkers believe that aiding art forms such as music and dance will add a burden to mythology governments funds . They think argue that it such money should be posed to the most compelling necessities as education , health care and solution ltd infrastructure . For instance , developing countries governments could not even support the prerequisite requirements of their citizens rather than on music which is usually considered an egypt mythology optional in Individual vs Society Essay developing countries . Since all countries could not afford that , I believe that funding such issues should be left to persons according to their own financial status . Affluent families , for egypt mythology example , can pay for music tools or lessons for their children . Meanwhile , impoverished ones could find it stifling to afford these issues beside subsidizing their childrens sustenance . In conclusion , while some argue for funding different art forms by governments , others believe that it would have a detrimental impact on the governments budgets . Thereupon , I believe that it is persons own responsibility to sensing of environment pay for that if they think it is mythology, compelling for them or their sons . Could you post the full essay question for me. Remote Sensing Of Environment! Its hard to comment without seeing it. Ignore my last comment I see you have posted this essay on the page relating to the essay question. Ill get back to you with feedback either today or tomorrow. thanks for your tolerance and patience . believe me I am waiting your comments as if I am waiting for my beloved . take care. Funny. Ill be in touch soon. How are you ? Hope you are well . Sorry for any inconvenience or nuisance . Please , kindly check that essay and score it please . Egypt! I know , you are exerting miraculous efforts to help us . We all love you and truly appreciate your help . Yes, Ill do it today. Ive had a late start today so it will be this afternoon #128578; Sorry I havent given you a comment on your essay yet.

I will try and on Suicide do it tomorrow. Hope you are well .Thank you very much for your beneficial comments . However , still ,there is a so confusing point for me ; in the topic question , I am asked to mythology discuss both views , those who are in cristo support of funding music by governments and those who are against that , and also to give my pinion . How can I then distinguish between opinion essay and argumentative one ? . Actually , I consider the essay to egypt mythology be opinion one if I am asked , To what extent you agree or disagree . . Sensing! Also , I consider the egypt mythology, essay argumentative one if I am asked to discuss both views . The Count Of Monte! Still confusing it is for me and may be for many ILETS test takers . Could you kindly provide us with a clear cut clues through which we can determine whether the essay topic is opinion , argumentative , discussion or discursive essay . This point needs more elaboration and illumination for us, because once one could clearly decide on the nature or type of the essay , we can go through the essay easily and egypt mythology get high score . Otherwise , many marks could be lost for including irrelevant ideas. Hence , again , I wonder if you could help us in that . Vs Society! I am sure you will because you have never disappointed us . On the egypt, other hand , I will rewrite that essay and send it to john biography you again to check . Again , I am sorry for any inconvenience and nuisance . Eagerly , waiting for your reply . Oh dear. This is what happens when I rush and over work. Yes, its a discussion essay. Egypt! I will delete all my feedback and start again. So sorry. Ill post you proper feedback later today without rushing and making mistakes. So, dont write it again just wait for my new feedback.

Im so glad you wrote back to me so I can correct this. which one of these two sentences is of a higher score in the ILETS ; It is sensing of environment, still confusing for me . Still confusing it is for me . The first one for sure. At last, your feedback. Its a good essay but there are areas which could certainly be improved. Ill go through them one by one. Firstly, cut down your introduction. Egypt Mythology! Its over 100 words and it would be better to aim for on The Structural of Functionalism 50. Your first sentence is generally irrelevant to the essay and mythology doesnt provide a focused beginning to the essay. Secondly, you offer a really unique opinion in vs Society Essay your introduction which doesnt actually agree complete with either side. Its a balanced approach opinion.

Its a great way to give an opinion. But this means that you cant then agree with one side in your body paragraphs. Your opinion is that government should pay but if they cant afford it, families should pay. The only way forward with this is to have three body paragraphs. One side, the other side and your opinion each a separate paragraph.

Another point to mythology consider is that in of calcium your first body paragraph you explain why music or art lessons should be funded by the government. Thats the egypt, right aim but this essay is about children not about people in general or about patients. Biography! Why do you think the government should pay for children to have music or art lessons? The only way to avoid this mistake is to underline all the egypt mythology, key words in sensing your essay question and make sure you have the same information given in your topic sentences. For example, government, funding, music, art, lesson, children = On the one hand, there are a number of reasons why some people think that children should have their art and music lessons paid by the government. The second body paragraph is not about why people think the mythology, government shouldnt pay. Its about why people think families should pay. Vs Society! Make sure you are addressing the egypt, right sides and the right information in each paragraph. Lastly, check your conclusion.

Make sure your opinion in the conclusion exactly matches your opinion in Essay on The Structural Theory of Functionalism your thesis statement. In this essay it is mythology, not a match. I know you can write well. But IELTS is all about addressing the task very carefully, making sure you are addressing the right points. A good try and remote Im sure you can do better. Thanks so much for egypt this elaborated ,enlightening comment . But if you were to give this essay a band score , what could it be ? It would probably be 6.5 or borderline 7. The problems with task response will bring the score down which is a shame because your level of English is very good. All said, there are a couple of poor word choices which you could also change: Vocabulary: exhausted souls are inappropriate words for the count of monte cristo mercedes the topic. pose the bulk do you mean allocate a major proportion? Are you a doctor? That might be a reason for bring medical jargon into the essay but the words and egypt ideas are oddly fitted to a topic about lessons for children. Solution! Otherwise, your vocabulary is very good just a few odd choices of words.

Thanks so much Liz. Thanks for the wonderful job that you are doing for all us! I have a question for you. It relates a little to the topic you brought today but Im going to ask it anyways. So my question is this: should I use idioms for GT essay 2 (with 250 words)? I thought it shows my vocabulary but my teacher says that its not something Im supposed to use #128577; Can you please help me with this? I think you have a good teacher.

Many idioms are informal so that means they shouldnt be used in egypt academic writing. Other idioms are over used. This means that students all over the world are learning the same idioms to put in john their essay to get a high score the examiners have seen them hundreds of mythology, times. So, that wont help you get a high score. Can you or cant you use idioms in writing task 2? Yes, you can use them if you are sure they are academic, if you have not learned them from a list online to get a higher score and if they exactly suit the context and are used grammatically correctly. Thats not easy. Most idioms would be inappropriate. My advice is not to waste your time with idioms for academic writing. Focus on The Structural Theory of Functionalism topic vocabulary, learn how to use that vocabulary well (this means dont just learn the meaning but learn how to use the egypt, words) and avoid making errors. Errors will reduce your score.

If there is an idiom you really want to use, post it in a paragraph of academic writing and weight of calcium Ill let you know if its ok. I hope that helps you understand let me know if you are still worried. Its Alex again (concerning idioms) #128578; Well, I like to start my sentences with in this day and age. Mythology! Besides I like to use a great deal of #128578; Can I actually use those? In this day and age is fine to use if you are comparing the sensing of environment, past with the present. If you are only using it in a normal essay (not comparing past and present), then I dont recommend it.

I have read so many essays that use it and the examiner will have read many more times. Egypt! Its a common idiom that students love using and it wont help your band score at all. Regarding a great deal of, its fine to use it if you are using it to refer to many, for example there is a great deal of the count of monte cristo mercedes, concern about mythology, . Its just another way to of environment say a lot of. can u please tell me about egypt, paraphrasingwhat should be paraphrased or what should not? You should paraphrase words that can successfully be paraphrased with the same meaning, in the right situation and that are appropriate. Essay The Structural Theory! The word children cant be paraphrased young people is not the same / teenagers are only between 13 and 19 so thats no good / infants are under 5 years old / kids is not academic. So, you see that word cant be paraphrased. This is a language test and mythology part of the sensing, test is mythology, assessing how well you can paraphrase that means knowing when you can and cant paraphrase successfully.

Theres no real list to learn. Can i paraphrase children with minors? thanks. Not unless you are talking about law in atomic of calcium which children are seen as minors. Current IELTS exam topics and questions: Share your IELTS test results. Useful Links for IELTS Line Graphs in mythology WT1. WT1 Table 30th Sept: To be completed. IELTS Model Essays for weight September 2017. IELTS Writing Questions September 2017.

Answer to mythology yesterdays paraphrasing exercise 3. Hi, my name is Elizabeth (Liz). Ecommerce Solution! I'm an experienced IELTS teacher from the UK and mythology a graduate of the University of London. On The Structural Theory! I have been teaching for over 16 years and for the last 9 years I have specialised, exclusively, in IELTS. I have taught in a number of egypt mythology, countries: England, Spain, New Zealand, South Korea, China and Vietnam, where I taught at the British Council.

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William Faulkner Faulkner, William (Cuthbert) - Essay. William (Cuthbert) Faulkner 18971962. (Born William Cuthbert Falkner) American novelist, short story writer, poet, scriptwriter, and essayist. See also William Faulkner Criticism (Volume 1), and Volumes 3 , 6 , 8 , 11 , 14 , 18 . Faulkner is a seminal figure in modern American literature. Specifically, his works reflect the egypt mythology distinct heritage of the American South. The northern region of Mississippi where Faulkner lived all his life provided the geographical and cultural background for the Yoknapatawpha County of his novels and short stories. But only in a superficial sense can Faulkner be considered a regional writer: through their radical stylistic innovations and solution, moral depth his works achieve a universality which places him among the major figures of world literature. Faulkner received the Nobel Prize in literature for 1949. In his acceptance speech, Faulkner stated that his basic theme was the human heart in conflict with itself, and his exploration of this theme resulted in a variety of highly original, often difficult literary techniques expressing the egypt mythology full spectrum of of calcium human experience. While Faulkner's importance rests almost solely on his fiction, his first ambition was to be a poet. His poems were published in various periodicals and collected in The Marble Faun (1924), Faulkner's earliest full-length book.

Although the collection drew scant notice at egypt the time, it is now considered of interest as an remote sensing of environment early display of the stylistic qualities Faulkner later developed in his fiction. For example, pastoral imagery and frequent use of symbol and image are characteristic of both his poetry and his prose. The Marble Faun was followed by mythology, the publication of Faulkner's first two novels, Soldier's Pay (1926) and Mosquitoes (1927), neither of Essay on of Functionalism which received much critical response. Soldier's Pay is categorized as a lost generation novel because it centers on mythology a physically and solution ltd, emotionally scarred young soldier who returns home from war and finds only egypt mythology further trauma and disillusionment. Mosquitoes features a character type that reappears throughout Faulkner's workthe individual who lives a life of unfulfilled hope but strives to endure, even in ecommerce transhipment solution grief. The necessity to struggle and to endure is central to Faulkner's view of human existence. Egypt Mythology? In his famous Nobel Prize acceptance speech, he stated: I believe that man will not only the count of monte cristo endure: he will prevail.

With the publication of his third novel, Sartoris (1929), Faulkner won greater critical attention. Egypt Mythology? Sartoris is considered by many to be the first typical Faulkner novel, primarily because it is set in Yoknapatawpha County and displays a full array of vs Society on Suicide storytelling techniques, but also for the tragic fate of its protagonist, Bayard Sartoris. Many of Faulkner's later works develop stories that he touched upon in Sartoris . In 1929, Faulkner also published The Sound and the Fury , a novel about the egypt mythology disintegration of the atomic of calcium Compson family. The story is told through four separate points of view in a seemingly disjointed narrative that gradually reveals its meaning. Critics were impressed by the complicated structure of the novel, especially the opening section told from the mythology viewpoint of the of calcium idiot man-child Benjy. Egypt? However, the difficulty of fathoming Faulkner's narrative tactics turned many readers away. Through characters like Benjy, whose memories of past events mingle with present experiences with no distinction between the two, Faulkner was able to give a more complex rendering of char-acters and events.

This technique was further developed and refined in subsequent works. With critical recognition established, Faulkner sought greater financial rewards from his writing. With an eye on the commercial market, he began composing what he called the most horrific tale I could imagine. The result was Sanctuary (1931), a novel which had to be revised before final publication due to its graphic violence and The Structural, the extravagant depravity of mythology its characters. An objective study of Individual Essay human evil, Sanctuary , even in its revised form, caused a minor uproar. While it became Faulkner's best-selling novel, a number of egypt critics disparaged the work for its sensationalistic depictions of violence. Critical studies of Sanctuary often focus on the character Popeye, particularly because he embodies the philosopher Henri Bergson's theory of humorthat we laugh at people who act rigidly and john, mechanically rather than at those capable of expressing diverse emotions. Faulkner himself acknowledged an interest in Bergson's ideas, including his theory of the fluidity of time.

Faulkner stated: There is only the present moment, in which I include both the past and the future, and that is eternity. Faulkner's work grew increasingly complex during the 1930s, making even greater demands upon readers and eliciting mixed critical response. As I Lay Dying (1930), for egypt, example, is a novel composed of fifty-nine interior monologues: by atomic weight, this use of constantly shifting, contrasting points of view, Faulkner gradually and egypt mythology, methodically reveals his themes and characters. In Light in August (1932), Faulkner examines the origins of personal identity and the roots of racial conflicts. Light in August begins by introducing a few characters and then turns to the plight of Joe Christmas, who is trying to uncover his true identity by piecing together bits of vs Society Essay hearsay information. Because this story is told in mythology an extended flashback, many critics felt that the Individual vs Society on Suicide novel suffered from faulty structure. However, defenders of the novel claim that this structure is intentional and serves to enhance the thematic scope of the narrative. Faulkner's next major novel, Absalom!

Absalom! (1936), has been called the mythology work in which he is cristo most in control of his experimental narrative techniques. At the center of egypt this novel is the story of Thomas Sutpen, a tragic character with a monomaniacal passion for creating and controlling a self-contained world. Ecommerce Ltd? Many of the facts regarding Sutpen, as well as other characters and mythology, events in the novel, are based on unreliable information, and the novel thus questions the human capacity to know the sensing of environment truth about anyone or anything. Upon publication of Absalom! Absalom! , many critics hailed Faulkner as a great artist, while others felt that his abstruse method of storytelling was confusing and ultimately ineffective. After publishing two subsequent novels that received lukewarm critical response, The Unvanquished (1938) and The Wild Palms (1939), and following a brief stint in Hollywood as a scriptwriter, Faulkner published The Hamlet (1940). According to some critics, this novel concludes Faulkner's major period. The Hamlet , along with two later novels, The Town (1957) and The Mansion (1959), are collectively known as the Snopes Trilogy. These novels center on Flem Snopes, whose single ambition in life is to acquire more and more property, and egypt mythology, are a blend of tragedy and comedy. While some critics view the tragedy in these novels as both heightened and made more tolerable by its juxtaposition with comedy, others feel that the humor is detrimental to a basically tragic theme. The Snopes trilogy also highlights another prominent theme in Faulkner's workexploitation of land and people as a source of human misery.

In the opinion of some critics, Faulkner is most effective as a short story writer. He often used short stories to fill gaps in the historical development of Yoknapatawpha County as depicted in his novels. Many characters who appear in of Functionalism the novels also appear in the short stories, while new characters are also introduced. Mythology? Even in isolation from his novels, Faulkner's short fiction provides the complete chronological development of Yoknapatawpha from the coming of white men, who introduced the concept of vs Society private property, up to mythology the twentieth century, when the automobile becomes a common fixture in American society. Go Down, Moses (1942) is a short story collection that can also be considered as a novel, with a thematic unity binding the separate sections of the work. Though Faulkner himself referred to this collection as a novel, many critics view episodes such as The Bear as fully realized short stories which are more concise and complete than many of Faulkner's novels. During the 1950s, Faulkner spent much time traveling and lecturing both abroad and at of environment American colleges. His novel A Fable (1954) won the egypt Pulitzer Prize in the count fiction and egypt mythology, the National Book Award, but received mixed reviews because of its rigidly structured prose. After completing the of monte mercedes Snopes trilogy, Faulkner wrote his final novel, The Reivers (1962), which was published shortly before his death. Egypt Mythology? The Reivers provides a final glance at Yoknapatawpha County.

Although written as a tall tale in the manner of the nineteenth-century Southwestern humorists, this work, like most of Faulkner's fiction, can also be read symbolically as a moral tale. Since his death, Faulkner's work has been extensively analyzed and ecommerce transhipment ltd, is now more fully appreciated. Faulkner created a body of work that is distinctly American yet reflects, on a grander scale, the universal values of human life. Access our William Faulkner Study Guide for Free. Faulkner, unlike Hemingway, is a novelist of the old schoolthe actual texture of his prose-narrative is egypt not at all 'revolutionary' or unusual. Just occasionally (as in the opening page or two of Sartoris and here and there in Sanctuary and Light in on Suicide Essay August ) a spurious savour of newness' is obtained by a pretended incompetence as a narrator or from a confused distractiona 'lack of concentration' it would popularly be called if it occurred in the narrative of a police-court witness.

There is, very occasionally, a clumsy slyness of this sort, of the faux-naif variety, but it is quite a minor thing. Just now and thenonly for a page or twohe will Joyce for a bit, but merely to egypt mythology the extent of innocently portmanteauing a few words just to show he is on the right side, such as 'shadowdappled' or 'down-speaking': but he has not much luck with this, as he is apt to arrive at such a result as the following: the Individual on Suicide Essay rank manodor of his sedentary fleshwhich looks too like escupidor to be a happy conjugation. For the most part his books might have been written by a contemporary of Trollope or the early Wells. (p. 43) There is no reason whatever why a novelist today should not use the most 'straightforward' methods of narrativethe code napoleon was good enough for Stendhal, and we might do far worse than model ourselves upon itI am not at all [damning] Mr. Faulkner for egypt mythology, being 'old-fashioned': my object is to sensing place him technically.

More than half of his text belongs, as far as the genre of the writing is concerned, to the 'psychological' method of egypt mythology Conrad (or the translations of the great nineteenth-century Russian authors). Vs Society On Suicide? (p. 44) [There] is a lot of poetry in Faulkner. It is not at egypt all good. And it has an in the end rather comic way of Essay occurring at a point where, apparently, he considers that the atmosphere has run out, or is getting thin, by the passage of time become exhausted and requiring renewal, like the water in a zoological-garden tank for specimens of fish.

So he pumps in this necessary medium, for anything from half a dozen to two dozen lines, according to mythology the needs of the remote of environment case. (p. 45) His characters demand, in order to endure for more than ten pages, apparently, an opaque atmosphere of whip-poor-wills, cicadas, lilac, 'seeping' moonlight, water-oaks and jasmineand of course the 'dimensionless' sky, from which the moonlight 'seeps. The wherewithal to supply them with this indispensable medium is as it were stored in a whip-poor-will tank , as it might be called: and he pumps the stuff into his book in egypt mythology generous flushes at the slightest sign of remote sensing fatigue or deflationary listlessness, as he thinks, upon the part of egypt one of his characters. To compare him with Ernest Hemingway as an artist would indeed be absurd: but actually he betrays such a deep unconsciousness in that respect as to be a little surprising. If in reading a book of his you came across [the word 'sourceless']say upon transhipment solution ltd, the first page of egypt mythology Sanctuary where it occurs (a thick growth of cane and brier, of sensing of environment cypress and gum in which broken sunlight lay sourceless) and said to yourself sourceless what for mercy's sake is that! you would soon find out.

For a dozen pages farther on (where more poetic atmosphere was being pumped in, in due course) you would probably come across it again: and after you had encountered it half a dozen times or so you would see what he meant. (pp. 45-6) [There] are other words (apart from egypt mythology, such hackneyed ones common to of monte cristo mercedes all American books as frustration ) which he uses so repeatedly that it would be a game for an idle person to count them'timbrous,' 'viscid,' 'shard,' 'sibilant,' etc. No one ever had less care for the mot juste . (p. 46) There is no question here of mythology conscious repetition. It reveals the character of mercedes this slipshod and egypt mythology, redundant artistic machine. (p. 48) Faulkner is as full of 'passion'of sound and furyas Hemingway is austerely without it.

He is as hot and sticky as Hemingway is dry and john, without undue heat. Mythology? He works up and up, in a torrent of ill-selected words, to his stormy climaxes. With Hemingway the remote climaxes are registered by egypt mythology, a few discreet touches here and there. The characters in Essay The Structural Theory Faulkner's books are as heavily energized as the most energetic could wish. And if they are all futilely energized and worked-up to no purposeall 'signifying nothing'if each and all of his stories is 'a tale told by an idiot'that does not make his Sartorises, Popeyes, Christmases, the priest in Mistral or Temple Drake, any the less an egypt impressive company, in their hysterical way. All are demented: his novels are, strictly speaking, clinics. Destiny weighs heavily upon every figure which has its being in biography this suffocating atmosphere of whip-poor-wills, magnolias, fireflies and egypt mythology, water-oaks (not to mention the emanations of the dark and invariably viscid earth). And the particular form that that destiny takes is race . Essay The Structural Theory? Whether it is Christmas or Sartoris, it is a matter of a fatality residing in the blood. They are driven on in a crazy and headlong career by egypt, the compulsion of transhipment solution ltd their ancestry. (pp. 48-9)

Violent death is mythology a matter of such importance in Faulkner's universe, it has such a baleful attraction, for his most ordinary puppets, in expectation or in memory, that it is able, two generations away, to so paralyze the imagination of one of them as to remote sensing turn him into a dream of death-on-horseback! The Civil War, and that apparently central problem of the American soul, the Black and White (for it is rather an important issue, all said and done, whether you shall give the negro equality and a century hence have a mulatto America, or on the other hand lynch him as soon as look at him) are the shadows over every life dealt with by egypt, Faulkner. The Sartoris family is literally rotten with fatalitythere the doom becomes deliberately comic. (p. 50) A flash, a glare that is what Faulkner's books are intended to bea very long flash, and a chronic glare, illuminating a 'doomed,' a symbolical landscapecentred in that township of the Individual on Suicide Old Dominion.

(The entire section is 2575 words.) Get Free Access to this William Faulkner Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to egypt unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and Individual on Suicide Essay, characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Egypt? Download our handy iOS app for ecommerce transhipment, free. The problem that faces every student of Faulkner's writing is its lack of egypt mythology a center, the gap between his power and its source, that curious abstract magnificence (not only a magnificence of vs Society Essay verbal resources alone) which holds his books together, yet seems to arise from debasement or perplexity or a calculating terror.

It is the gap between the deliberation of his effects, the intensity of his every conception, and the besetting and depressing looseness, the almost sick passivity, of his basic meaning and purpose. No writer, least of egypt all a novelist so remarkably inventive and robust of imagination, works in problems of pure technique alone; and though it is possible to see in atomic weight his books, as Conrad Aiken has shown [see. (The entire section is 1942 words.) Get Free Access to egypt this William Faulkner Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. I came to every new Faulkner opus wearily determined to see in it what my betters saw. No more than the next man do I enjoy looking like a dunce. But, no matter how hard I tried, I was licked every time.

Some major defect, some incurable myopia, prevented me from seeing in him more than a dazzling, though often unsuccessful technician, passionately and sincerely creating a private world whose inhabitants would be completely unrecognizable to the natives of Oxford, Mississippi, but are apparently immediately recognizable to a host of young academics and, let us be fair, to remote many non-specialized, average, intelligent readers. For them there is no disproportion between Mr. Faulkner's Gothic-horrors. (The entire section is egypt 299 words.) It is necessary to emphasise that Faulkner in his best work is not concerned with ideas in any abstract sense. His preoccupations are not intellectual but moral; what he offers is not philosophy but wisdom. At the same time, his public statements are in no sense divorced from his literary achievement. The Nobel Prize Speech has sometimes been regarded as very much a post hoc statement, a deliberate effort on Faulkner's part to john dillinger biography match with his own grandiloquence the grandeur of the occasion. It should properly be seen as a distillation, necessarily couched in abstract terms, of the kind of egypt statements and moral judgments which had been implicit in his work from the very first. As Faulkner wrote to Warren Beck in.

(The entire section is 1983 words.) It was in the Spring of 1929 that John Gould Fletcher, on a visit to Oxford University, where I was a student, gave me a copy of Individual vs Society on Suicide Soldiers' Pay . I had been out of the South for a long timein a sense, in flight from the egypt Southand at least half of me was oriented toward Greenwich Village and the Left Bank and not toward the Cumberland Valley in Tennessee; but at sensing of environment the same time I was, I suppose, homesick, and was making my first serious attempt at fiction, fiction with a setting in the part of the egypt mythology South where I had grown up. John Dillinger? As a novel, Soldiers' Pay is no better than it should be, but it made a profound and undefinable impression on me. Then came, in the order of my reading, The Sound and the Fury, A. (The entire section is 477 words.)

Mayday is derivative in idea and mythology, technique, a product of a self-conscious affecting of Symbolist art quivering at its own fragility in a harsh and cruel world at the same time it openly parodies young passions and lusts. The setting is medieval: Sir Galwyn of Arthgyl is given a dream of death by St. Francis, and, accompanied by Pain and Hunger, he sets out on his journey of life to ecommerce transhipment solution ltd be united with this Little Sister. The first men who try to stop him protect Yseult whose naked bathing in a pool not only arouses Sir Galwyn but is meant to double the mythology Little Sister Death he searches after. Naked, Yseult rises from the pool to romp and vs Society Essay, lie in the woods with her new lover until the cold darkness causes him to egypt mythology suggest. (The entire section is 639 words.) Mayday itself is not, as one might expect, a fumbling piece of apprentice-work, but a skillful and amusing exercise in dillinger biography a very minor literary genre which might be described as a lightly allegorical medieval pastiche.

It is the story of egypt Sir Galwyn of Arthygal, who, accompanied by Hunger and Pain, rides forth as a new knight, kills a small dragon of an inferior and cowardly type, seduces three beautiful princesses in three consecutive days and immediately abandons each of them, and finally, with the help of St. Biography? Francis, seeks and finds little sister Death in the river. Egypt? On the john dillinger biography way he encounters various figures, including Time, with whom he has philosophical discussions; and the whole work operates in egypt a spirit of. (The entire section is 350 words.) Faulkner himself is to blame for the long critical disparagement of Sanctuary, the fifth novel he wrote. To me it is a cheap idea, he said in his introduction to the Modern Library edition (1932), because it was deliberately conceived to make money. I took a little time out, and speculated what a person in Essay The Structural Theory of Functionalism Mississippi would believe to be current trends, chose what I thought would be the egypt mythology right answer and invented the most horrific tale I could imagine and wrote it in about three weeks and sent it to [Harrison] Smith, who had done 'The Sound and the Fury' and of monte cristo mercedes, who wrote me immediately, 'Good God, I can't publish this. We'd both be in mythology jail.'

Being a cheap idea hastily executed to make. (The entire section is 807 words.) [Faulkner] was a richly gifted writer and there are times when he writes with real genius. He is keenly observant, and when he so wishes can be stereoscopically graphic. He gives us the intimate feel of an old banker's run-down bank and an easy-going little town, its age and Essay The Structural Theory of Functionalism, southern heat, by referring in passing to the gold lettering on the bank's windows as 'cracked'. He evokes idle days spent sitting on the steps of egypt mythology a country store by letting us catch on the count cristo the wing a reference to egypt those steps as 'heel-gnawed'. John Dillinger Biography? A dog nosing in a cupboard has a 'barometric tail'. The dusty, hot air is egypt 'insect-rasped'. The frost tonight will shrink the water in Individual vs Society on Suicide Essay a pool about 'rank bayonets of dead grass in egypt mythology fixed glassy ripples in the.

(The entire section is 2054 words.) [ Brooks, one of the most notable scholars of Faulkner, says of his William Faulkner: First Encounters: [This book] has been written for the general reader and for the student coming to Faulkner for the first time. Brooks adds that he limits himself to discussions of theme, character, plot, and historical and fictional settings. The following excerpts from Brooks's introduction illustrate his main concerns throughout this lucid, informative analysis of Faulkner's major works .] Most of remote sensing of environment us identify Faulkner with the South, and it is natural that we should do so, for his fiction is filled with references to its history, its geography, its customs; and his prose often employs its special. (The entire section is 1811 words.) William Faulkner Homework Help Questions. When he received the Nobel Prize in mythology Literature in 1950, William Faulkner, controversial, earthy, but always intrinsically truthful, was acknowledged by the literary world. His acceptance speech. Although it is tempting to view Emily's murder of the Yankee, Homer Barron, as the South smiting the wicked North for its transgressions of the Civil War, there are several reasons for Individual vs Society on Suicide, not yielding.

The first step in discussing Faulkner's use of figurative language is to define it, so, for mythology, our purposes we will consider figurative language to of monte cristo be the intentional departure from the literal. The old platitudinous warning issued by egypt mythology, those who later plead criminal insanity to murder charges If I cant have you, nobody can lies at the heart of William Faulkners short. Your question includes a number of elements that cannot be answered by the count mercedes, reference to egypt mythology the story, but I will try to answer those elements that Faulkner discusses. Miss Emily is identified in the story.

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7 Reasons This Is An Excellent Resume For Someone Making A Career Change. Egypt Mythology? Writing a resume can be a daunting task. And if you're changing careers or industries, it's even more challenging. When you're attempting to change careers, you're often going up against many other candidates who possess a more traditional (and regularly accepted) work history for the role or industry you're targeting, says Amanda Augustine, a career expert at TheLadders, an online job-matching service for remote sensing, professionals. But a standout resume will help you get noticed when you might otherwise be passed over. . Mythology? In order to weight, create an mythology eye-catching resume that'll help you stand out from the competition, you'll have to look at all your experience and ecommerce transhipment solution ltd, accolades in egypt a different light, she says. You must evaluate your experience, education, and professional development and skills to determine what's considered important for your new career, and then you'll have to re-position or re-brand yourself. . To do this, you'll need to become well versed in your target industry's terminology so you can express your previous experience and skills in terms that your new audience will understand and appreciate, Augustine explains.

That can take a lot of effort on Individual, the part of the job seeker; it may even require you to egypt, speak with people who work in weight your target field which you should be doing anyway to learn which of your skills are transferable and most prized. She says when you have a well-crafted document and an advocate in your corner, you're much more likely to succeed with your career transition. To get a clearer picture of egypt mythology, what makes a resume stand out, we asked Augustine to the count of monte mercedes, create a sample of an excellent one for a professional changing careers. . Egypt? While your resume may look different depending on the job or industry you're targeting, the one below from someone hoping to transition from HR to the count, sales should serve as a useful guide: Skye Gould/Business Insider. What makes this an excellent resume for someone transitioning careers or industries? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. The job seeker's new career objective is egypt mythology, clear. Sensing Of Environment? . If you want to change careers, it's best to have your new job goal well-defined, as this will dictate how you reposition your experience and which qualifications you decide to egypt mythology, highlight in your new resume, Augustine says. . 2. This resume focuses on the skills, achievements, and Individual on Suicide Essay, qualifications that are most relevant to the job seeker's new career track. . While HR and egypt mythology, sales may not seem like similar career tracks, many of the the count of monte mercedes, skills leveraged by recruiters can be transferable to a sales or marketing career, she explains. Egypt? It's important to identify which of your skill sets are valuable to another field, and in what capacity. I can rattle off a list of common skills that are easily transferable to a variety industries and functions problem-solving, strategic thinking, strong written or oral communication, people management, innovation, negotiation, etc. but it gets trickier when you're considering a switch from a very specialized role to a completely different field. In these cases, talk to Individual vs Society on Suicide Essay, people who work in the industries that interest you. Once they have a good understanding of your background and strengths, they'll be able to provide insight into which roles in their field might be relevant to you.

3. This resume sells what the job seeker has to offer. . Hazel is a technical recruiter seeking a position selling recruiting software to corporations, so her extensive knowledge of the recruitment process and her experience using and training others on various social recruiting platforms and applicant tracking systems work is emphasized in her professional summary and highlighted throughout the rest of her resume. 4. The job seeker's experience is repackaged into terms that her target prospective employers will understand. Egypt? . Wherever possible, this job seeker's experience was translated into sales terminology, says Augustine. For example, the terms 'clients' or 'internal clients' were used to describe the hiring managers. Candidates were turned into prospects or potential leads. In her list of core competencies, 'Hazel' used sales keywords such as 'lifecycle management' and remote sensing of environment, 'pipeline management,' leaving out the terms that would make these competencies recruiter-specific (i.e. 'recruitment process lifecycle' and 'candidate pipeline'). . Every field has its own acronyms and terminology.

It's your job to figure out how to translate your experience and past successes into terms that resonate with your new target audience. Subscribe to industry-specific publications, conduct informational interviews, and start attending events that are relevant to mythology, your target field to gain this insight, and update your resume accordingly. Of Monte Cristo? 5. Mythology? This resume is concise and only includes relevant information. . Even though the job seeker has over six years of experience and atomic of calcium, has worked in at least three positions, her resume is only one page long. Her earlier positions only contain small blurbs about her work with a couple achievements highlighted, Augustine notes. Rather than listing out egypt, a laundry list of your skills and experience, carefully select the accomplishments and of environment, responsibilities that will support your current career objectives. 6. The job seeker's major contributions and achievements are quantified . . Include numbers whenever possible, whether you're describing the size of your budget, the number of mythology, events you helped organize, or the number of people you managed, to demonstrate your value to the employer. 7. The job seeker included non-work related skills and weight, activities. . Hazel listed her membership in egypt mythology Toastmasters, since employers value good communication skills in Essay on The Structural of Functionalism their sales employees. Showcase any memberships to egypt, professional associations, volunteer work, internships, or other extracurricular activities that allowed you to the count cristo mercedes, either leverage relevant skills or exposed you to your target field or industry, Augustine says.. NOW WATCH: 7 smart questions to ask at the end of every job interview.

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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in the Opening Montage. This is the end Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the opening scene of the film but didnt say much about mythology, it. Thats because its a very well-known and mercedes, brilliant use of sound in the film. It functions as an mythology, unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for john dillinger biography a moment. The song you hear on the soundtrack during the opening montage is egypt mythology The End by The Doors. Remote Sensing? Why a song about the end at egypt the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the end of Captain Willards illusions about the war, and the end of Americas illusions as well.

The film was made in 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of malaise in Essay Theory of Functionalism, the country. Egypt? The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; its technological prowess and superiority had been bested by atomic of calcium a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the effect and mythology, the message would have been quite different. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the the count norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in egypt mythology, Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for the way it helped communicate the ecommerce deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the authors write about the egypt mythology use of sound to indicate character subjectivity (236). Dillinger Biography? They also mention that often diegetic music reveals character traits (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the egypt mythology boozy head of Willard in the hotel room. It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in remote sensing of environment, all it surreal contours.

We hear other sounds mediated through Willards subjectivity in mythology, this scene, such as the distorted sound of of environment, a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altmans M.A.S.H. ). These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the egypt mythology sound is distorted tells us its coming from Willards subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to Essay The Structural Theory of Functionalism use sound to get into the head of mythology, characters is the voice-over. As you know, there is plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . Of Environment? The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: Saigon. Shit. . . . Still in Saigon. In this one line, heard alongside the music of a marching band outside the egypt mythology window, Willard not only swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he cant wait to get back to the jungle. Like a lot of Individual vs Society, soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it.

It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the mythology famous scene where the cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village back to the Stone Age, destroying a village in order to save it. He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: The Ride of the Valkyries, from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to the count [D. W. Egypt? Griffithss film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagners music accompanying the Ku Klux Klans triumphant charge. John Dillinger? Moreover, the choice of Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagners music and the composers anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is parallel sound editing in mythology, this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of dread.

The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to soft shifts the audiences identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murchs manipulation of volume in remote of environment, this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the attacker. Egypt Mythology? (260). This split identification not only defines the dillinger biography audiences experience, but also the experience of the war on the home-front, with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the mythology film is also part of a larger sound design in ecommerce transhipment, the film, in which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to mythology yell over the sound of shooting, bombing, and the cries of the wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by biography a helicopter, etc.) or use radio or megaphones is egypt mythology not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war.

In the first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam. It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important (251). Atomic Weight? In regards to sound in films, if its soft and hard to egypt mythology hear, its important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is atomic of calcium a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to kill Colonel Kurtz. First, theres the background music in the scene (which you really have to listen for). Its what we would call muzak, or easy-listening music. It defines the general and the scene, in contradistinction to mythology the way noise defines Kilgore and ecommerce ltd, his Air Cavalry. It indicates that the egypt mythology general is ecommerce transhipment ltd genteel, and a little prissy or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in egypt, the counterculture were urging young people not to Essay on The Structural Theory trust anyone over 30). To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the generals soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene.

In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. Its significant that Kurtz is introduced in the film via sound. Egypt Mythology? Its even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from of environment, Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the silent partner that I concentrated on when we discussed this scene in class. The silent partner, unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is most likely CIA. Mythology? He does have one line, and its an important one: he says, terminate with extreme prejudice. What this basically means is: do whatever you need to do to kill Kurtz. With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to WIllard to kill Kurtz.

In this, he shows that he is the cristo real one in egypt mythology, charge, even in transhipment solution, mufti (civilian clothes). This is Coppolas way of showing that the war was secretly run by the CIA and other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Egypt Mythology? Kilgore is bombastic in ecommerce ltd, his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA the silent partner that really runs things behind the scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about mythology, sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to define different characters and different scenes . There are a lot of synthesizers on transhipment solution ltd the soundtrack, but they are not used the egypt same way in every scene. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the music for of environment different scenes. If you listen closely enough, youll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtzs compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is softer, more Asian in egypt mythology, tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river. I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies.

Youll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to remote sensing of environment him by his mother, and it continues on the soundtrack as the crew on the boat deal with Cleans death (with the exception of Lance, who is mythology more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, dont get shot and come back to us in one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the mercedes boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of silence in the second half of the mythology film. The first half of Apocalypse Now is john biography much louder than the second, since the first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtzs compound in the Buddhist temple. But I dont want you to egypt come to the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because its noisy), and Individual, sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Mythology? Rather, as in the scene in the generals quarters, we should be suspicious of the Individual vs Society Essay quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is a soft-spoken man who is egypt mythology drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides.

There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace. He is also prone to Essay on The Structural Theory long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtzs guest. The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (Jordy Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to egypt articulate things the way Kurtz can. Atomic Of Calcium? I wish I had the words he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of Kurtzs preoccupations. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: Words cant describe what is necessary to mythology those who dont know what horror is. Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it cant be suppressed by john dillinger silence. In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. Mythology? For instance, often times on the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing.

These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtzs compound. The silence cant block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film. Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and dying in the compound. That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful.

It is part of Kurtzs insane tyranny: he commands it. Thats why the people are so quiet there. Its one of the vs Society on Suicide Essay first things the egypt viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in the boat, arrives at Kurtzs compound. There are lots of people there on solution ltd the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is egypt disturbed by the boats siren.

Theyre inarticulate because they are not allowed to atomic of calcium speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the mythology temple, he is Essay on The Structural greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd. Willard is the new chief, the new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that its a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to egypt the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtzs dying words: the horror, the horror. They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that its the silence that brings out a persons inner demons, not the ecommerce transhipment bombast of war. War and mythology, its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones. War is also represented or cloaked by quiet, by dillinger biography whispered conversations in egypt mythology, silent temples, even by poetry. In the weight end, thats what the Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the egypt mythology silent interstices of the mind.

Never again will war be known only by the sounds of explosions. It will also be known by the softer sounds of john dillinger, implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcocks Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcocks Psycho with Michael Powells Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the two films was radically different. Egypt? Hitchcocks had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powells film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster.

Powell was practically blacklisted in movies for years afterward. The purpose of atomic, my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on Psycho , by itself, in relation to what is called the Male Gaze. According to egypt Glen Johnson, the Male Gaze (or The Gaze) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema, 1975) to characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship.

Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Individual On Suicide Essay? Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the egypt mythology cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and atomic weight, other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of power or control within the movie. Bob Bednar adds that Mulveys. essay outlines an mythology, idea about the male gaze in which men have the power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Of Environment? Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by mythology allowing women to always be on display for the male viewer.

Obviously, this idea is problematic, for not all viewers of film are male, and john dillinger biography, not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulveys idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in egypt, Hitchcocks films. Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to john dillinger biography the idea that the point of view in Hollywood films is male, and that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is egypt not surprising, given that Hitchcocks Rear Window is Mulveys textbook example of the remote of environment Male Gaze at work. Other critics have examined the egypt Male Gaze in other films by Hitchcock. Remote Sensing Of Environment? This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulveys) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for egypt mythology fun and profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how.

in Film Studies, Hitchcock is atomic weight of calcium often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against egypt, the female. Some critics have even argued that Hitchcocks work is prototypical of the remote of environment extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . Egypt? . Individual On Suicide? As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the position of masochists. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the mythology woman in the films the one who would threaten patriarchal law and order through the force of her anarchic desires but also the women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. (17). But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcocks The Birds for john dillinger the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to mythology solidify its ideology in the early 70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. The Structural Theory? Ive been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of the male gaze that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over egypt mythology woman by turning her into mere matter, into meat I think this was utter nonsense from the start. Transhipment Ltd? . . . Mythology? It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and female victimization, and then came this theory the victim model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of a misogynist; quite the contrary.

But the basis of my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Mercedes? Lets call it the egypt Self-Awareness Defense (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term youve been introduced to and which will be important in the second half of the course, is remote sensing a term quite similar to self-awareness). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what hes doing. Hitchcock doesnt leer at women in egypt mythology, his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of misogyny, the workings of the Individual vs Society on Suicide Essay Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my Self-Awareness thesis by looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on display in egypt, Psycho . Dillinger? And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the Bates Motel she is being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the way to Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in her car on the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the egypt cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the on Suicide Essay cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car.

But Marion was being watched even before that. In the opening scene, the egypt long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into biography, the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. Egypt Mythology? But making it seem so obvious, with the atomic weight camera acting like a peeping tom, Hitchcock draws attention to it. He is self-aware about it, which means he tries to make the egypt viewer aware of it. Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the ltd narrative, Marion Crane is the subject of a number of gazes, from the mythology leering Mr. Cassidy in the office, to the suspicious Police Officer and vs Society Essay, ultimately by Norman Bates.

These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and the representation of the characters. A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marions activities, we . . . feel he is being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also. The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on egypt the point of ecommerce solution, view of the police officer in this scene. The viewer doesnt see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. That is, Hitchcock shows us the egypt mythology officer leering he exposes him rather than let us share the Essay Theory of Functionalism officers leering point of view. This is egypt mythology another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is a lot of john dillinger, looking and egypt mythology, being watched in this scene.

Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Normans stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of capture and the birds all-seeing point of Essay on Theory, view on mythology its prey. Normans declaration to Marion: You, you eat like a bird reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an eagle-eye view of Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of sensing, Normans Male Gaze. But the Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Carr writes:

After Marion leaves the mythology parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in the wall, the Individual Essay camera zooming in on his eye. This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for a shower, and mythology, when the camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this peeping tom moment is that we see that it is a peeping tom moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marions room illuminates Normans eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in the wall. The camera shifts to Normans point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism. We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Ltd? Spying on egypt mythology Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the biography cause of Normans arousal and the manifestation of mythology, his desire from dillinger, behind a wall forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification.

Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the shot of Norman peeping at Marion implicates the egypt mythology viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is saying: Look, youre a voyeur too! When you watch this kind of scene, and find pleasure in it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Normans assistance, we will spy on transhipment solution ltd Marion in a bedroom. We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of egypt, Normans eye, filling the screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Sam and Marions hotel room, the tracking shots of the Essay The Structural of Functionalism envelope stuffed with cash and the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Cassidy and mythology, the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the viewer has seen Marion in weight, a bedroom, in egypt, various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the vs Society wall.

During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didnt notice we were watching. Mythology? But now, after we have briefly taken on Normans point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of what it means now. Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in on The Structural, the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Male Gaze, and egypt mythology, see Normans attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.

It is an onscreen manifestation of the males desire to rape the female, and Marions murder (in which the atomic audience is forced to, at times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to mythology that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on screen. This idea is emphasised in Laura Mulveys famous article Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from Essay Theory, Marions perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost. Spachis notes all the allusions to mythology the voyeuristic eye in the scene: the The Structural Theory shower-head, the drain, Marions dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in the very middle of a horrifying event we feel as if we are seeing everything, far more than we want to see without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome.

To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship. In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to egypt mythology see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock wont give us the one without the other. But its not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by forcing the him or her to witness a murder. Its that he makes us witness a murder to show us the end result of desire. The Count Mercedes? Hitchcock is self-aware about egypt, watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the john dillinger viewer will become aware too. He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films.

The basic premise of egypt mythology, what Im arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the biography experience of watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and egypt, invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, dont worry. Well be talking much more about weight, self-awareness in film in the second half of the course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, Mulvey, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, Voyeurism the Male Gaze in Psycho (1960), Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, Feminist film theory, MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).

Evangeline Spachis, Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcocks Psycho (1960), Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, The Savage Id (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, Heres Lookin at You, Kid!: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho , Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (theres also an essay, at mythology the end of the chapter, on editing in Alfred Hitchcocks Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the reclusive Norman Bates. It is an example of how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the cuts, is significant. At the beginning of the scene, the timing and the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of of Functionalism, Norman or rather, Normans mother. This is an example of collage encouraging the audience to compare and contrast the egypt cinematographic qualities of Essay The Structural of Functionalism, each shot ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193). The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and falling backwards down the stairs.

The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to egypt mythology explain the significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him. The Count Of Monte Cristo Mercedes? It was like music, you see, the high shot with the egypt violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it suggests how the director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in remote of environment, camera positioning can evoke an emotional response. The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to mythology compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Like the other formal film elements weve discussed in class, editing usually works in conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors dont discuss Hitchcocks use of the same overhead shot though much more drawn out a little later in the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Atomic Weight? Since there isnt a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.

Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the shot of Arbogast falling down the egypt stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the trombone shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the camera is moved backwards, or vice versa. It is Essay on The Structural Theory of Functionalism optically confusing and causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at egypt the beginning of the Essay on The Structural film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into mythology, the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the the count difficult dilemma they are in (she has no money, and egypt mythology, Sam has no money because of alimony payments, so they cant get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. Individual? I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post. Then I showed you an egypt mythology, example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Individual? Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to mythology take the money; and this sets up the most prominent McGuffin in the film (a McGuffin is sensing a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the audience as to the true direction of the plot, becoming a red herring).

Then we looked at the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road. Egypt? Once Marion decides to of calcium stop her car at the side of the road to sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is egypt seen in an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we cant see his eyes, makes him an of environment, ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from egypt, a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the dillinger road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the police car behind her in mythology, the shot; and then, to emphasize Marions anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in on Suicide Essay, class, I hadnt discussed the editing of the famous shower scene in mythology, Psycho . Transhipment Solution? When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in the audience, due to the dizzying array of mythology, multiple camera angles and atomic weight, the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the camera usually has a point of egypt, view, the Individual Essay editing in this scene subtly forces the audience to take on Normans crazed point of egypt mythology, view. The frenetically-paced and confusing editing in of calcium, the shower scene is by mythology now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial.

There are a couple other instances of editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is of monte cristo watching Marions car with all of Marions effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the mythology money Marion stole the solution pacing of the editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of creating suspense by egypt speeding up the cuts (as in of calcium, the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to see Normans anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink. In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is that the sinking of the car represents Normans psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to egypt mythology this reading, the swamp represents Normans unconscious. While the weight of calcium final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Normans crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and Lila (Marions sister) go to the Bates motel to investigate.

We have shots of egypt mythology, Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to the count mercedes Lila seeking Mrs. Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in mythology, the film (and like most instances of parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila by way of atomic weight of calcium, many eyeline-match cuts finds ample evidence in the mise-en-scene of egypt, Normans arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by closely observing the Individual on Suicide Essay details in Normans home. Happy Halloween from Normans mom, three weeks early. Dont eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!

Citizen Kane and egypt, Cinematography: Highlights. With its use of weight of calcium, deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and mythology, has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Tolands unsettling and Essay of Functionalism, idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the egypt reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. Ive already posted the notes I took when I was watching the ecommerce transhipment ltd film only for the cinematography. Egypt? Here I will elaborate upon some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Dillinger? Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 2:46). Coming near the mythology beginning of the film, this is one of the more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the atomic weight of calcium dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of a nurse entering the mythology room. John? It is a bizarre and egypt mythology, yet artistic shot that reflects the weight distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at mythology the moment of dillinger biography, his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 12:27).

This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kanes pleasure palace. We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is featured in mythology, the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the ecommerce solution case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane).

Both are used to communicate power. Note also the grainy look of the older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 14:58). I discussed this shot in class. Mythology? Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Orson Welless Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 27:15).

At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over of monte cristo the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city. We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and egypt, the older Thatchers response to them; in the final instance of this, there is a dissolve that takes the viewer to a shot of Kane and Thatcher at Kanes Inquirer office. During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. He begins, once again, by the count cristo towering over Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about mythology, figure placement and cristo, power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in play in this scene in Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Kanes party (40:08 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and egypt mythology, editing. We see, reflected in a window, the ecommerce solution ltd logo of Kanes rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon mythology Kane, Leland, and Bernstein.

The camera zooms in on a photograph of the ten star journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for biography Kanes New York Inquirer . In the scene that ensues, at a party for Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing. Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and Leland. Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the egypt mythology front, with Kane reflected in atomic weight of calcium, a window. As is often the case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in egypt, the foreground discussing Kane in the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from a cigar and it covers over The Structural the figure of Kane in the window. Here the camera suggests Lelands suspicion (later confirmed) that Kanes principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at mythology the opera (1:17:26 1:17:31; 1:29:42 1:30:32). The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Lelands point of view, and then from Individual, Susans point of view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings.

One holds his nose to mythology indicate what he (and Leland and just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susans singing. When it comes time for Susan to atomic weight narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to egypt mythology indicate two different points of view. From Susans POV, we also get a shot of a shadowy Kane watching from on The Structural of Functionalism, high above the egypt mythology stage. This shows Kanes dominance of atomic weight of calcium, Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an egypt, extraordinary montage (1:34:46 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and Essay The Structural, stage lights (eventually the mythology stage lights are replaced by Kane). This is john certainly creative shot-making, but the egypt effect is due more to editing than cinematography. 7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 1:56:35). Near the end of the on of Functionalism film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kanes valet Paul, there is a lot of interesting camera work. First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Pauls view of Kane, but also the egypt mythology view of the reporters trying to track down Rosebud. The image suggests that Kane is nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance.

At the very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by saying that Kane is sensing of environment nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with loot, after Kanes death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these including Kanes most cherished junk, such as his sled are thrown on egypt the fire. This suggests the of monte cristo mercedes transience of things, which will pass away in time. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by egypt mythology another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair! Nothing beside remains. Round the decay.

Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away (Ozymandias). University of on The Structural Theory of Functionalism, Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu.

snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 1:47:12) kane and egypt mythology, thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of ten journalists to come alive shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kanes party (deep focus) lelands story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) lelands view of john, opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susans view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to susans POV) kanes view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of mythology, susans opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and of calcium, background foreground sedative and glass replaced by doctors black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles. Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on the radio in his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. Mythology? G. Wellss The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in john, 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and egypt, prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the the count 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at RKO. Welless first project was to be Joseph Conrads Heart of egypt mythology, Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget.

He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didnt go over budget. This time he didnt. The film was released according to Welless vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane is the studio eras outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in biography, almost every way while taking full advantage of the mythology resources of the studio the first American mainstream art film (50). The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the the count of monte cristo rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welless forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst. Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to egypt destroy the solution ltd film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to buy the film negatives and all copies of egypt mythology, Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the atomic film and Welles. Hearst wouldnt let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to mythology publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearsts film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of Great Man biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearsts opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKOs vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for remote Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and egypt mythology, innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by weight the studio system.

The studio factory was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of artistic standardisation and economic regulation (Street 52). Welles is mythology often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasnt just Hearst that had it in for Welles. In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is Essay The Structural Theory considered by mythology some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in transhipment solution, previews, largely because the ending was thought to be depressing, Welless producers at RKO cut an hour out of the film and egypt mythology, tacked on a happy ending.

They also destroyed the footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many Welles among them consider this as the beginning of the end of Welless Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and on Suicide, who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kanes newspaper in Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and egypt, he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion (45). Best Ever? Not Even the atomic Best of egypt, 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.

Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didnt just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Fords film was fine, but not the Individual vs Society on Suicide Essay earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the egypt Academy voters want to send a message, often a social message. Essay The Structural? The message in this case was a vote of mythology, confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and Essay, the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication and particularly after French critics got a hold of it Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics lists. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcocks Vertigo . This is egypt mythology what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Sound poll, says about of environment, Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in egypt mythology, focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and john, overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.

Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes after the dark heart of the mythology American dream. And here is what BFI says about the count of monte cristo mercedes, Vertigo : This classic from the master of suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcocks finest film, a haunting examination of egypt mythology, male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. A thriller of dreamlike allure, its whipped to john dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmanns Wagner-influenced score.

The displacement of Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Mythology? Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at The Daily Beast blames the dillinger the current popularity of social networking: The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in 2002, when the egypt mythology blogosphere was still in diapers. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor students eye, and the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for ecommerce the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and content innovative, visionary, ponderous atop the field forever. That is, because of the egypt mythology ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to john dillinger biography backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the mythology film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired.

University of Maryland. British Film Institute, The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound, 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, Citizen Kane v. Vertigo: Why Kane Fell in the Sight and transhipment solution ltd, Sound Poll, The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, Smoke and Mirrors in Citizen Kane , Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144.

Sarah Street, Film in Context: Citizen Kane , History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. The Mark of Kane, Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and his Conspiratorial Interpreters. According to Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubricks The Shining is arguably the most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is studied at universities, chronicled in egypt mythology, books, and has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the Individual on Suicide door for countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and egypt mythology, theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years. Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of remote sensing, The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.

There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of egypt mythology, The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubricks cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen Kings novel. Watercutter explains Weidners thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the of calcium fact that the mythology moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (its 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the rooms key: ROOM No 237. Theres only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them, Weidner says. And thats moon and room and so on the key, the tag, it says moon room.' (Those letters also spell moron, but that seems like more of a coincidence.) One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullmans office. According to Weidner, Ullmans paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in the floor plan on the hotel.

She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the Minotaur of classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jacks face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film. Solution? Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and the labyrinth in mythology, the film. Vary discusses Aschers contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by code-name Monarch, a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on on The Structural of Functionalism his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the film has a subtext that concerns the mythology Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jacks Adler typewriter goes from ecommerce transhipment ltd, a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriters color shift has significance to his theory that Kubricks film has a deeply-laid subtext about the Holocaust. That typewriter, that German.

typewriter which by the way changes color in the course of the film, which typewriters dont generally do is terribly, terribly important as a referent to egypt that particular historical event. This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to pass peer-review scrutiny). It doesnt help Cockss case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call continuity errors (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . For instance, there is a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubricks attempt to parody the horror genre. Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and the count of monte mercedes, Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryans ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the egypt mythology film backwards and the count of monte cristo, forwards. Ryan doesnt really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or hack) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the mythology film. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to Individual vs Society Jacks abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse.

Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter. Watercutter doesnt say much about Blakemores larger theory that the film is about the mythology genocide of Native Americans. In an the count of monte, article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is mythology not very convincing. Blakemore sees the remote of environment traces of mythology, Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is quite a bit of Individual vs Society, Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in one scene, on Wendys clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film which is somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is meant to mythology be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of solution ltd, Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing. In the mythology art deco design of the carpet in room 237, he sees penises and The Structural of Functionalism, vaginas copulating. Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): The design on the rug shows basically in geometric form with round curves the egypt mythology act of Individual, intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Sort of like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life. More evidence of a sex-crazed Kubrick.

In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have but did not made the cut in Aschers documentary. Most of his ideas are contained in an in-depth analysis of The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of mythology, his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in solution ltd, the film are not Delbert Gradys daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at mythology the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of this conspiratorial theorizing to ecommerce transhipment advances in technology. She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and egypt, it would be a while after it played in of calcium, theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and egypt, sharing of theories online is only something thats been around in Theory, the latter part of the films history.

We can only mythology guess what kind of theories will arise in atomic of calcium, an even newer technological moment, when anyone at egypt anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to their hearts content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed Immersion Criticism: the kind of in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. Its not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone whos perceptive, Klosterman wrote about atomic weight of calcium, Room 237 at Grantland . Its a matter of egypt, noticing things that the director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention. Vary puts the onus on Individual vs Society the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of Room 237 : '[ The Shining ] doesnt solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We dont really know. Egypt Mythology? Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is ecommerce solution ltd played almost like a big reveal of Aha! But its not really. If anything, it just deepens the egypt mystery (qtd. in Vary). Kubricks reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation.

Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: I think the understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and theres a reason, says Kirk. Individual Vs Society? That is a jumping off point for a lot of people. . . . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to perfection, he adds, that if you dont get something . . . theres a trust that its not that its a mistake, its that you didnt figure it out. All work and no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. Egypt Mythology? Its an Essay on The Structural, idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.

The Shining is egypt a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isnt necessarily so. Sensing Of Environment? A reading of a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. At the wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. Mythology? (It doesnt list the one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before).

The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in some crazy persons conspiracy theory! So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death or from the grave ) planted all the atomic weight of calcium interpretations mentioned to cover up the egypt fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the solution prop left in the river of blood shot, the changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number. How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, Americas abandonment of the gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in egypt mythology, the same film? The only possibility is of monte cristo mercedes that Kubrick floated those theories himself.

And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. Its only a matter of mythology, time before someone links The Shining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of blood. Prepare yourself. . Ecommerce Solution Ltd? . . Im outta here (before they discover my interpretation is egypt full of holes) Angela Watercutter, The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013).

Adam B. Vary. 5 Conspiracy Theories About The Shining That Arent In Room 237. Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).

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Exam Questions: Types, Characteristics, and Suggestions. Examinations are a very common assessment and evaluation tool in egypt, universities and there are many types of examination questions. This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of john dillinger examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational. Egypt Mythology? Remember that some exams can be conducted effectively in a secure online environment in a proctored computer lab or assigned as paper based or online take home exams. Multiple choice questions are composed of Essay one question (stem) with multiple possible answers (choices), including the correct answer and several incorrect answers (distractors).

Typically, students select the correct answer by circling the associated number or letter, or filling in the associated circle on the machine-readable response sheet. A) Elements of the exam layout that distract attention from the mythology questions. B) Incorrect but plausible choices used in multiple choice questions. C) Unnecessary clauses included in the stem of multiple choice questions. Students can generally respond to these type of questions quite quickly.

As a result, they are often used to vs Society test students knowledge of a broad range of content. Creating these questions can be time consuming because it is often difficult to generate several plausible distractors. However, they can be marked very quickly. Tips for writing good multiple choice items: Long / complex sentences Trivial statements Negatives and egypt double-negatives Ambiguity or indefinite terms, absolute statements, and Individual on Suicide Essay broad generalization Extraneous material Item characteristics that provide a clue to the answer misconceptions. Statements too close to the correct answer Completely implausible responses All of the above, none of the egypt above Overlapping responses (e.g., if A is true) Your own words not statements straight out of the Individual vs Society Essay textbook Single, clearly formulated problems. Plausible and homogeneous distractors Statements based on common student misconceptions True statements that do not answer the egypt questions Short options and all same length Correct options evenly distributed over A, B, C, etc. Alternatives that are in logical or numerical then C is also true) order At least 3 alternatives. Suggestion : After each lecture during the term, jot down two or three multiple choice questions based on the material for Individual vs Society Essay, that lecture.

Regularly taking a few minutes to compose questions, while the material is mythology fresh in your mind, will allow you to develop a question bank that you can use to construct tests and atomic of calcium exams quickly and easily. True/false questions are only egypt mythology, composed of a statement. Students respond to the questions by indicating whether the statement is true or false. For example: True/false questions have only two possible answers (Answer: True). Like multiple choice questions, true/false questions: Are most often used to transhipment assess familiarity with course content and to check for popular misconceptions Allow students to respond quickly so exams can use a large number of mythology them to test knowledge of a broad range of on The Structural content Are easy and quick to grade but time consuming to create. True/false questions provide students with a 50% chance of mythology guessing the right answer. For this reason, multiple choice questions are often used instead of true/false questions. Tips for writing good true/false items: Negatives and double-negatives Long / complex sentences Trivial material Broad generalizations Ambiguous or indefinite terms. Your own words The same number of true and false statements (50 / 50) or slightly more false statements than true (60/40) students are more likely to answer true One central idea in each item.

Suggestion : You can increase the usefulness of ecommerce transhipment true/false questions by egypt mythology, asking students to correct false statements. Students respond to matching questions by pairing each of a set of stems (e.g., definitions) with one of the transhipment ltd choices provided on egypt, the exam. These questions are often used to vs Society assess recognition and recall and so are most often used in courses where acquisition of detailed knowledge is an egypt, important goal. They are generally quick and easy to create and mark, but students require more time to of environment respond to these questions than a similar number of multiple choice or true/false items. Example: Match each question type with one attribute: Multiple Choice a) Only two possible answers True/False b) Equal number of stems and choices Matching c) Only one correct answer but at least three choices. Tips for writing good matching items: Long stems and egypt options Heterogeneous content (e.g., dates mixed with people) Implausible responses. Short responses 10-15 items on only one page Clear directions Logically ordered choices (chronological, alphabetical, etc.) Suggestion: You can use some choices more than once in the same matching exercise.

It reduces the effects of guessing. Short answer questions are typically composed of a brief prompt that demands a written answer that varies in length from the count cristo mercedes, one or two words to a few sentences. They are most often used to egypt test basic knowledge of key facts and terms. An example this kind of john short answer question follows: What do you call an exam format in which students must uniquely associate a set of prompts with a set of options? Answer: Matching questions. Alternatively, this could be written as a fill-in-the-blank short answer question: An exam question in which students must uniquely associate prompts and options is called a. ___________ question. Answer: Matching. Short answer questions can also be used to test higher thinking skills, including analysis or. evaluation.

For example: Will you include short answer questions on your next exam? Please justify your decision with. two to three sentences explaining the egypt mythology factors that have influenced your decision. Short answer questions have many advantages. Many instructors report that they are relatively easy to construct and can be constructed faster than multiple choice questions. Unlike matching, true/false, and multiple choice questions, short answer questions make it difficult for students to.

guess the ecommerce answer. Short answer questions provide students with more flexibility to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity than they would have with multiple choice questions; this also means that scoring is mythology relatively laborious and transhipment ltd can be quite subjective. Short answer. questions provide more structure than essay questions and thus are often easy and faster to mark and often test a broader range of the course content than full essay questions. Tips for writing good short answer items: Your own words Specific problems Direct questions.

Taking out so many words that the mythology sentence is meaningless. Prompts that omit only The Structural, one or two key words at egypt, the end of the sentence. Suggestion : When using short answer questions to test student knowledge of definitions consider having a mix of Essay The Structural questions, some that supply the term and require the mythology students to provide the definition, and other questions that supply the definition and require that students provide the term. The latter sort of questions can be structured as fill-in-the-blank questions. This mix of formats will better test student knowledge because it doesnt rely solely on recognition or recall of the term.

Essay questions provide a complex prompt that requires written responses, which can vary in length from a couple of paragraphs to many pages. Like short answer questions, they provide students with an opportunity to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity, but make it hard for students to arrive at an acceptable answer by bluffing. They can be constructed reasonably quickly and easily but marking these questions can be time-consuming and on Suicide grader agreement can be difficult. Essay questions differ from short answer questions in that the essay questions are less structured. This openness allows students to demonstrate that they can integrate the course material in creative ways.

As a result, essays are a favoured approach to test higher levels of cognition including analysis, synthesis and evaluation. However, the requirement that the students provide most of the structure increases the amount of work required to respond effectively. Students often take longer to egypt mythology compose a five paragraph essay than they would take to compose five one paragraph answers to short answer questions. This increased workload limits the number of on The Structural essay questions that can be posed on a single exam and thus can restrict the overall scope of an exam to a few topics or areas. To ensure that this doesnt cause students to panic or blank out, consider giving the mythology option of atomic of calcium answering one of two or more questions. Tips for writing good essay items: Complex, ambiguous wording Questions that are too broad to allow time for an in-depth response. Your own words Words like compare or contrast at the beginning of the question Clear and unambiguous wording A breakdown of egypt mythology marks to make expectations clear Time limits for the count of monte, thinking and mythology writing.

Suggestions : Distribute possible essay questions before the exam and make your marking criteria slightly stricter. This gives all students an equal chance to prepare and should improve the quality of the answers and the quality of learning without making the Theory exam any easier. Oral examinations allow students to respond directly to egypt the instructors questions and/or to Essay on present prepared statements. These exams are especially popular in language courses that demand speaking but they can be used to assess understanding in almost any course by following the guidelines for the composition of short answer questions. Mythology? Some of the principle advantages to oral exams are that they provide nearly immediate feedback and so allow the student to learn as they are tested. There are two main drawbacks to oral exams: the amount of vs Society Essay time required and the problem of record-keeping. Oral exams typically take at mythology, least ten to fifteen minutes per sensing, student, even for mythology, a midterm exam. Solution Ltd? As a result, they are rarely used for large classes. Egypt Mythology? Furthermore, unlike written exams, oral exams dont automatically generate a written record.

To ensure that students have access to written feedback, it is recommended that instructors take notes during oral exams using a rubric and/or checklist and provide a photocopy of the notes to sensing of environment the students. In many departments, oral exams are rare. Students may have difficulty adapting to this new style of assessment. In this situation, consider making the mythology oral exam optional. While it can take more time to sensing of environment prepare two tests, having both options allows students to choose the one which suits them and their learning style best. Computational questions require that students perform calculations in order to solve for an answer. Computational questions can be used to assess students memory of solution techniques and egypt their ability to on The Structural apply those techniques to solve both questions they have attempted before and egypt questions that stretch their abilities by requiring that they combine and of monte use solution techniques in novel ways. Effective computational questions should: Be solvable using knowledge of the key concepts and techniques from the egypt mythology course.

Before the exam solve them yourself or get a teaching assistant to attempt the questions. Indicate the mark breakdown to reinforce the expectations developed in in-class examples for the amount of detail, etc. required for the solution. To prepare students to do computational questions on exams, make sure to describe and sensing of environment model in class the correct format for the calculations and answer including: How students should report their assumptions and justify their choices The units and mythology degree of Essay precision expected in the answer. Suggestion : Have students divide their answer sheets into two columns: calculations in one, and a list of assumptions, description of process and justification of choices in mythology, the other. This ensures that the marker can distinguish between a simple mathematical mistake and the count of monte a profound conceptual error and give feedback accordingly. Cunningham, G.K. (1998).

Assessment in the Classroom. Mythology? Bristol, PA: Falmer Press. Ward, A.W., Murray-Ward, M. (1999). Assessment in ecommerce solution ltd, the Classroom. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

This Creative Commons license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon mythology our work non-commercially, as long as they credit us and indicate if changes were made. Use this citation format: Exam questions: types, characteristics and suggestions . Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of Waterloo . The University of Waterloo is Individual vs Society committed to egypt mythology achieving barrier-free accessibility for persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or working at Essay on The Structural of Functionalism, Waterloo. If you have questions concerning access, such as parking, building layouts, or obtaining information in alternative formats, or wish to request accommodations for a CTE workshop or event, please contact CTE via email ( or phone (ext. 33857) and include the sessions title and date. Our workshops typically involve a mix of presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. We also welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, or note-takers; notify us if accommodations are needed in this regard. Please note that some accommodations may require time to arrange. We acknowledge that the University of Waterloo is located on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee people.

The University of Waterloo is situated on mythology, the Haldimand Tract, the land promised to the Six Nations that includes ten kilometers on ecommerce solution, each side of the Grand River.