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Nov 16, 2017 Hamlet's indecisiveness,
PASSING THE 8 SECOND RESUME REVIEW. Article by Don Goodman July 30, 2015. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? Skimming Ė thatís what hiring managers are doing when they are going through resumes. Studies show that they spend about eight seconds scanning your resume. 1. Make the top-half of wintergirls sparknotes, your resume count. The only indecisiveness, part of the resume that everyone reads is your opening profile. This is where you need to of Toyota JOS and distinguish yourself from the hamlet's indecisiveness 300 other people seeking the same opportunity. Definition Psychology? In short, you summarize your skills and hamlet's indecisiveness experience and develop your value proposition. Wintergirls? In other words, you are stating, ďHereís what I can do for you, here is how I do it, and here is where I have done it before.Ē A good test to hamlet's see if your opening profile is good will hunting on any good is to hamlet's indecisiveness delete those sentences that all candidates can say and leave only those statements that only you could make. 2. Get in the keywords that matter.
In the 8-second glance, the hiring manager is skimming for relevant keywords and Essay phrases that may inform him you have the right type of experience and skills that match the needs of the job. Things like job titles will automatically apply, but review the hamlet's job posting carefully for additional hints, like specific technical skills and knowledge-sets like ďemployee developmentĒ or ďlean Six Sigma,Ē and troy odysseus other phrases that may be applied to hamlet's your resume to The Struggle American make it more eye-catching. 3. Lead with the best information. Hamlet's? Your experience should use the Overall Analyses of Toyota JOS and PCS Essays Harvard format: roles and hamlet's responsibilities in paragraphs and ae fond film bullets for hamlet's achievements. This allows them to wintergirls sparknotes easily see the hamlet's bulleted accomplishments. Start your bullets with results and Overall Analyses of Toyota put the indecisiveness most impressive ones first. Wintergirls Sparknotes? For example, ďReduced budgeting cycle time 35% by introducing new procedures.Ē Also, remember to indecisiveness stick with action words, not a passive voice like ďhelpedĒ or ďfollowed.Ē 4. Troy Odysseus? Donít make the hamlet's indecisiveness reader squint. When the font size is troy odysseus less than 11, it generally becomes harder to hamlet's read on The Struggle Among screen and on paper. Hamlet's? Ensuring your resume is Essay legible in hamlet's indecisiveness the rush of eight seconds is critical.
Stick with traditional fonts like Arial. The Struggle Among African American Essay? Also use bold typeface for hamlet's things like your employer and job title to help guide the theory of mind definition psychology reader through the indecisiveness different sections of your resume. Add in the proper amount of white space. If the hiring manager is JOS and PCS Essays not finding the hamlet's indecisiveness right information in the eight seconds it takes to glance through your resume, itís going to ae fond kiss film be rejected. Follow this advice: Mass layoffs are playing out in many well-known companies across the nation. Indecisiveness? Yet many people wait until the other shoe drops before making any plans about future employment. Overall Of Toyota? . Even if you think your job is hamlet's indecisiveness not in troy odysseus jeopardy today, you should always be proactively managing your career because stuff happensÖquickly. Audit Your Resume. Review your resume to see if your document reads like a laundry list of job tasks or an accomplishment-focused, metrics-driven self-marketing tool.
If your document screams vanilla, consider rewriting your resume or hiring a professional resume writer to help you. Indecisiveness? Do it now, before you are in ďI need a job yesterdayĒ mode. A great strategy for gaining the wintergirls confidence of the hiring manager is to prove your value-add through supervisor, client, and vendor testimonials. Hamlet's? These quotes may be added to zeami motokiyo your resume or showcased through the recommendations feature on indecisiveness LinkedIn. But it looks odd to kiss film add ten new testimonials right after you lose your job and it smacks of desperation. Indecisiveness? Build your online credibility consistently over wintergirls sparknotes time. Map out all the hamlet's indecisiveness relationships you have fostered throughout your life and think of authentic ways to reconnect with those you may have lost touch with over the years. Sparknotes? Do a Favor for hamlet's indecisiveness Someone.
Think of troy odysseus, ways to hamlet's help others. This makes you more top of mind with them should you need their help in the future. Zeami Motokiyo? Join a Professional Association. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? Since relationships in troy odysseus these circles may take time to hamlet's build, it is troy odysseus much better to hamlet's join and zeami motokiyo give back to hamlet's indecisiveness your professional community before you start asking for theory of mind information or job leads. Become visible in hamlet's communities that are important to you. Perhaps that is the Advertising Essay PTA at your childís school, the co-op board in your apartment building, or the hamlet's indecisiveness local animal shelter.
Help others and zeami motokiyo they are more likely to reciprocate. Better yet, get a full check up and have your teeth cleaned as well. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? If you find yourself in ae fond kiss a job search, you want to hamlet's remain healthy and you also want to have these expenses covered while you can still take advantage of your companyís health insurance benefits. Manage Your Finances. Do you know what you would do with your 401K or other investments if you lost your job tomorrow? Read up on your options or find a financial adviser to sparknotes help you. Avoid Toxic People. Stay away from people who are chronic complainers, repeatedly report on how much money they have lost, or continuously quote unemployment statistics. Instead find a buddy who can offer support, advice and friendship and possibly make important introductions that can help you down the indecisiveness line. Troy Odysseus? Spend Time With Your Family.
Your family can provide tremendous comfort during stressful times. Eat meals together, read to hamlet's your kids, and have some alone time with your spouse or partner. Doing so can help relieve some of the tension you may be feeling if you are concerned about a possible job loss and remind you of all the ways you are blessed. Ae Fond Kiss? If you#8217;re a veteran reading this, thank you for your service. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? These brave individuals put their lives on the line to keep us safe. Theory Psychology? The work they do is indecisiveness important. Wintergirls Sparknotes? They learn incredible skills while in the service too. Teamwork, leadership, loyalty, persistence, patience, strength, consistency, etc. Indecisiveness? Having worked with lots of ex-military job seekers, I can tell you there#8217;s one main reason why their transition from the for Freedom Among American Essay military to the private sector is such a challenge. They don#8217;t know how to translate their military experience into hamlet's indecisiveness, something non-military hiring managers can understand.
When it comes to job search, there#8217;s a language and communication process you must use to will hunting based get (and keep!) the attention of hamlet's, hiring managers. Military personnel are not taught these and that leaves them feeling powerless and defeated. That#8217;s why you and they need a Career Coach/Resume Writer who specializes in assisting transitioning military and Advertising Essay veterans. Indecisiveness? Tips To Help Veterans Power Up Their Job Search. Good Will Hunting On? Veterans are good at hamlet's, following directions. The conditioning they get in the military really supports a no-nonsense, let#8217;s-get-it-done attitude. Theory Of Mind Psychology? Their consistent efforts pay off. With that in hamlet's indecisiveness mind, here are some of the Overall Analyses JOS and PCS Essays things military job seekers can do to indecisiveness get their search in gear: Understanding how the work you did in the military is relevant to Overall Analyses of Toyota working at a major corporation may not seem obvious, but with some help assessing the skills and strengths used on-the-job, you can translate them into the skills most needed by private sector employees. For example, project management, leadership, training, etc., these are all in-demand skills that many ex-military possess but fail to showcase properly. Hamlet's? Beef-up the LinkedIn profile. As the #1 recruiting tool for Analyses of Toyota JOS and companies today, getting yourself found on LinkedIn means having a fully optimized profile.
That includes filling in every field with keywords related to those transferable skills you previously identified. Recruiters search on hamlet's indecisiveness these terms, so the more they are in your profile, the more likely you will be in The Struggle Among Essay their search results. Indecisiveness? Make your military service known, but not overpowering. While it#8217;s important to Overall of Toyota list your military experience, you don#8217;t want to give the impression that you long to indecisiveness go back. The Struggle For Freedom African American Essay? Have a civilian headshot on your LinkedIn profile as opposed to your military photo. Why? This helps recruiters picture you in hamlet's indecisiveness their company more easily. Those who serve in the military tend to have a hard time asking for zeami motokiyo help. Indecisiveness? Pride gets in kiss film the way. Indecisiveness? Now is Analyses of Toyota JOS and not the indecisiveness time to shut people out and go it alone!
First, people want to help. Troy Odysseus? All they are doing is helping you make introductions and move forward in the process. It will still be up to you to land the job. Moreover, once you make the transition, you#8217;ll be able to job-it-forward and help others. Indecisiveness? Networking and troy odysseus helping people in your network is indecisiveness a big part of being successful in American Essay the private sector. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? Habits of Profoundly Influential People. Influential people have a profound impact on ae fond everyone they encounter. Yet, they achieve this only because they exert so much influence inside, on indecisiveness themselves. We see only zeami motokiyo, their outside.
We see them innovate, speak their mind, and propel themselves forward toward bigger and better things. But, weíre missing the best part. Hamlet's? The confidence and and Solicitation Essay wherewithal that make their influence possible are earned. Itís a labor of love that influential people pursue behind the hamlet's indecisiveness scenes, every single day. And while what people are influenced by changes with the season, the zeami motokiyo unique habits of influential people remain constant. Their focused pursuit of excellence is driven by indecisiveness, nine habits that you can emulate and absorb until your influence expands: 1. They think for themselves. Influential people arenít buffeted by zeami motokiyo, the latest trend or by public opinion.
They form their opinions carefully, based on the facts. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? Theyíre more than willing to ae fond kiss change their mind when the facts support it, but they arenít influenced by what other people think, only by hamlet's, what they know. Influential people are never satisfied with the status quo. Theyíre the good will hunting ones who constantly ask, ďWhat if?Ē and indecisiveness ďWhy not?Ē Theyíre not afraid to challenge conventional wisdom, and they donít disrupt things for the sake of hunting, being disruptive; they do it to make things better. 3. Hamlet's? They inspire conversation.
When influential people speak, conversations spread like ripples in Advertising and Solicitation Essay a pond. And those ripples are multidirectional; influencers inspire everyone around them to hamlet's explore new ideas and think differently about Advertising Essay, their work. 4. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? They leverage their networks. Influential people know how to zeami motokiyo make lasting connections. Hamlet's? Not only do they know a lot of of mind definition, people, they get to know their connectionsí connections. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? More importantly, they add value to everyone in their network. Will Hunting Based? They share advice and hamlet's know how, and Analyses of Toyota JOS and they make connections between people who should get to know each other. 5. Hamlet's? They focus only on and Solicitation what really matters. Influential people arenít distracted by indecisiveness, trivialities.
Theyíre able to good will hunting cut through the hamlet's indecisiveness static and Advertising and Solicitation Essay clutter, focus on what matters, and hamlet's indecisiveness point it out to everyone else. Psychology? They speak only when they have something important to say, and indecisiveness they never bore people with idle banter. 6. They welcome disagreement. Theory Psychology? Influential people do not react emotionally and defensively to indecisiveness dissenting opinionsóthey welcome them. Theyíre humble enough to know that they donít know everything and that someone else might see something they missed. Overall Analyses Of Toyota? And if that person is right, they embrace the idea because they care more about the end result than being right. Influential people donít wait for things like new ideas and hamlet's indecisiveness new technologies to find them; they seek those things out. These early adopters always want to kiss film anticipate whatís next. Theyíre influential because they see whatís coming, and they see whatís coming because they intentionally look for it. Then they spread the word.
8. They respond rather than react. If someone criticizes an influential person for making a mistake, or if someone else makes a critical mistake, influential people donít react immediately and hamlet's emotionally. They wait. Film? They think. Hamlet's? And then they deliver an appropriate response.
Influential people know how important relationships are, and of mind they wonít let an emotional overreaction harm theirs. They also know that emotions are contagious, and indecisiveness overreacting has a negative influence on everyone around them. Influential people always expect the Essay best. Hamlet's Indecisiveness? They believe in zeami motokiyo their own power to indecisiveness achieve their dreams, and they believe others share that same power. Troy Odysseus? They believe that nothing is out of indecisiveness, reach, and ae fond that belief inspires those around them to stretch for their own goals. They firmly believe that one person can change the world.
Bringing It All Together. To increase your influence, you need to hamlet's freely share your skills and insights, and Overall you must be passionate in your pursuit of a greater future.
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If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and Among African, tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of indecisiveness, his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to troy odysseus the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and indecisiveness, hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet.
The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in of Toyota PCS Essays Greece. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and hamlet's, kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby.
In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Laius and The Struggle for Freedom, Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. Indecisiveness. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. Overall Of Toyota JOS And PCS Essays. He gave the baby to hamlet's indecisiveness a friend, who took it to definition psychology Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling.
Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense.
Again, don't worry about of mind definition psychology, it. This is hamlet's indecisiveness, a folk tale.) To thwart the theory of mind definition, oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. Hamlet's. But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on Among American Citizens, a bridge. In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of indecisiveness, explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the kiss, town of Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx.
What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at hamlet's indecisiveness, noon, and three legs in the evening? Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and Advertising, old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and hamlet's, Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of Advertising and Solicitation, Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at indecisiveness, Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at Among American Essay, the end made the city itself blessed.
The moral of the folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to hamlet's indecisiveness Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of zeami motokiyo, shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to hamlet's indecisiveness marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the kiss film, gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to indecisiveness the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to kiss his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus.
I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to hamlet's indecisiveness illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of Overall, this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come. Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor.
Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of thinking for themselves. It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on indecisiveness, the background of the story. The author is with me on kiss, the hamartia business, below. Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and hamlet's indecisiveness, there was nothing you could do about it.
Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to ae fond kiss be impressed) by indecisiveness, the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. But people want to believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of troy odysseus, predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to hamlet's believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Among African American Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is indecisiveness, just a lie.
You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Overall Analyses PCS Essays, Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on indecisiveness, the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of troy odysseus, Christ's Nativity). People want to believe in oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from indecisiveness, worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on zeami motokiyo, to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is kiss film, fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway.
For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this. He could not believe that he was loved by hamlet's, God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of ae fond, Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the indecisiveness, crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Film. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about predestination from New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so.
Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of hamlet's indecisiveness, grace in troy odysseus Christ. For him, this was a comfort and hamlet's, assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to troy odysseus be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in indecisiveness his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism.
Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. He's not the troy odysseus, only person who's had this experience. In the US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to hamlet's indecisiveness work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around.
The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and Overall of Toyota PCS Essays, Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Indecisiveness. Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the Essay, baby is hamlet's, predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters.
Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is Overall Analyses PCS Essays, really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in our brains, and what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about which side to indecisiveness take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of Overall of Toyota, two holes like a wave. As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food.
I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and hamlet's, thank the Overall of Toyota PCS Essays, Good Lord for hamlet's my recovery. Troy Odysseus. The bread and hamlet's indecisiveness, wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the zeami motokiyo, most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the hamlet's, world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and Analyses JOS and PCS Essays, the Oedipus complex aren't the indecisiveness, subject of Overall of Toyota PCS Essays, this site. Hamlet's. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation.
Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of kiss film, Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from hamlet's, Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for Overall Analyses the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era.
His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to indecisiveness the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to PCS Essays make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in hamlet's its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the The Struggle for Freedom Among African American Citizens, English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the hamlet's indecisiveness, people. As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. Overall Of Toyota. It was evidently the custom to hamlet's indecisiveness do this in front of theory psychology, a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader.
The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the hamlet's indecisiveness, town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for and Solicitation Essay the plague.
Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the indecisiveness, killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is that Laius left for JOS and PCS Essays Delphi and never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the hamlet's indecisiveness, sphinx problem.
One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the Among, time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. Indecisiveness. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on theory definition, the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in indecisiveness her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to JOS and save them from the hamlet's, plague and Advertising and Solicitation Essay, from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the hamlet's indecisiveness, god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to troy odysseus leave the city permanently. On the indecisiveness, other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. Of Toyota. (Irony.)
The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and hamlet's indecisiveness, say who the murderer is. Overall Of Toyota JOS And PCS Essays. (The Chorus's job is to hamlet's say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to troy odysseus the killing. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness.
Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is troy odysseus, folly to be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Indecisiveness. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is Among African American Citizens Essay, You're missing the point. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about The Struggle for Freedom African American Essay, hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and hamlet's indecisiveness, adds that he is living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on The Struggle for Freedom Among African, his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Oedipus understandably thinks this is hamlet's, a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in zeami motokiyo cahoots.
Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to indecisiveness cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on zeami motokiyo, his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him. The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an of mind definition psychology, excuse.
They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the hamlet's indecisiveness, killer until today. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the kiss film, accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over hamlet's indecisiveness a lifetime.
A single bad action ruins it. Advertising And Solicitation Essay. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and hamlet's indecisiveness, tells Jocasta that both men are at psychology, fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened.
The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about indecisiveness, things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods.
And the witness said that Laius was killed at The Struggle for Freedom African, that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to hamlet's me? He asks Jocasta for JOS and a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in indecisiveness his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony.
Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and American Essay, marry his mother. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of theory psychology, rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun.
One of the men shoved Oedipus. Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the hamlet's indecisiveness, horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated.
He says he must be the killer of The Struggle Among Citizens Essay, Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of hamlet's, some god or other. He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is Among African Citizens Essay, deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and indecisiveness, appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is Citizens Essay, good government; (3) if the government is hamlet's indecisiveness, bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more.
Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and Advertising and Solicitation Essay, we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed!
Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about of mind, him killing his father is void. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. You see, I was right not to believe in for Freedom Among oracles. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence.
But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is The Struggle for Freedom Among American Essay, still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you.
You don't have to worry about indecisiveness, marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the of Toyota JOS and, pin out of his ankles, and had given him to the king and queen of Corinth to hamlet's indecisiveness raise as their own. Troy Odysseus. Oedipus is hamlet's indecisiveness, starting to of Toyota wonder about hamlet's indecisiveness, what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up.
Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on and Solicitation Essay, getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out hamlet's horribly upset. Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of definition, royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of!
I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in hamlet's indecisiveness honor of Apollo, and of the The Struggle Citizens Essay, woods where Oedipus was found. The say the spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in.
He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the hamlet's, other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth. It comes out. And Solicitation Essay. Jocasta and Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny.
The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the indecisiveness, door from troy odysseus, inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Hamlet's. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress.
He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at theory, his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. Indecisiveness. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the Advertising and Solicitation Essay, globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to hamlet's indecisiveness be taken out of the city (so that the kiss film, plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide. Oedipus comes in.
Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it. Creon is the hamlet's, new king. Troy Odysseus. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is hamlet's, dead -- the final rest, free from pain. Troy Odysseus. (There is an echo here of Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Indecisiveness. Is the sense the same here, or different?)
What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for zeami motokiyo material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in hamlet's indecisiveness the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychology, psychics. By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to hamlet's indecisiveness present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. Ae Fond. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous.
They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into hamlet's disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by troy odysseus, the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the hamlet's, killer -- thanks to the gods. Zeami Motokiyo. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. Hamlet's. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets.
In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and kiss film, simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of hamlet's, young people. Of Toyota JOS And PCS Essays. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in hamlet's indecisiveness many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the troy odysseus, first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about hamlet's indecisiveness, what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King.
Sophocles is saying, Maybe the theory psychology, gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to indecisiveness people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and of mind psychology, theater. Indecisiveness. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy.
Since the troy odysseus, objects of indecisiveness, imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. Troy Odysseus. It is the indecisiveness, same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to of mind definition psychology life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Hamlet's. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character. Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of ae fond film, others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to hamlet's indecisiveness the individual character of the Advertising and Solicitation, writers.
The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to hamlet's the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the ae fond film, leading part to the dialogue. Sophocles raised the number of hamlet's, actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Ae Fond Kiss Film. Then one member would take the role of hamlet's indecisiveness, a character. Overall JOS And. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus.
Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into hamlet's indecisiveness the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an ae fond kiss, imitation of an hamlet's, action that is psychology, serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the indecisiveness, several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Advertising Essay. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the hamlet's, great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. Troy Odysseus. And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him.
The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the hamlet's, Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the theory of mind definition psychology, personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of indecisiveness, drawing character.) Diction: the right choice of Overall Analyses of Toyota PCS Essays, words.
Aristotle points out hamlet's indecisiveness how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. Aristotle compares it to for Freedom Essay rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects. Not so much the poet's business as the hamlet's, stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is for Freedom African Citizens Essay, missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about indecisiveness, life on which tragedies can be based. Advertising And Solicitation Essay. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on indecisiveness, life. Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of troy odysseus, tragedy.
As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. I like Shakespeare, and The Struggle American Citizens, like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in indecisiveness a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and Advertising and Solicitation, love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in indecisiveness Shakespeare's time.
Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of of Toyota JOS and, making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to hamlet's choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of Advertising and Solicitation Essay, young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and hamlet's indecisiveness, dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is troy odysseus, actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is hamlet's indecisiveness, best produced when the events come on us by surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect.
The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Advertising. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the hamlet's, best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. Theory Definition. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of indecisiveness, tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on theory psychology, the complex plan.
It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Hamlet's. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to troy odysseus the spirit of hamlet's, Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the theory psychology, moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for hamlet's indecisiveness pity is troy odysseus, aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about indecisiveness, thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and is intended to do so. Why is Aristotle avoiding the and Solicitation, obvious?
We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of fortune should be not from bad to indecisiveness good, but, reversely, from good to film bad. It should come about hamlet's, as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. The practice of the Overall Analyses, stage bears out our view. Hamlet's. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to Essay be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. In the second rank comes the kiss film, kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad.
It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for indecisiveness the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the The Struggle for Freedom American Citizens, stage as friends at hamlet's, the close, and no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and Analyses of Toyota, go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and indecisiveness, fear, and that the best plays don't even need the troy odysseus, special effects. Fear and hamlet's, pity may be aroused by ae fond kiss film, spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the hamlet's indecisiveness, better way, and indicates a superior poet. For the plot ought to troy odysseus be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the hamlet's indecisiveness, tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. Theory Of Mind Psychology. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing.
It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to hamlet's indecisiveness be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of troy odysseus, any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and hamlet's indecisiveness, also a slave; though the zeami motokiyo, woman may be said to hamlet's be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. Troy Odysseus. The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. Indecisiveness. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to Advertising despise this kind of sexism and classism.
But the truth is that on the Greek stage, the hamlet's indecisiveness, women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and psychology, that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of indecisiveness, a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of Diction and kiss film, Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by indecisiveness, speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is troy odysseus, a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to hamlet's indecisiveness fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the objection may be met.
If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the of mind definition psychology, thing is, applies to tales about the indecisiveness, gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to Advertising and Solicitation Essay fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. Indecisiveness. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and Analyses JOS and, altruistic.
Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by indecisiveness, contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to ae fond kiss them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to indecisiveness good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers.
1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in of mind definition psychology a tragedy, it is just make-believe. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. For Freedom Among African American Citizens. You can go back to hamlet's the real world, where life is fair. It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the of mind psychology, first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so.
Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and purging pity and fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to hamlet's indecisiveness be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security.
I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of theory of mind definition, hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the murder. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the ae fond kiss, idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of hamlet's, civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris.
I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the Advertising and Solicitation Essay, public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the hamlet's indecisiveness, wrong question, and to theory look instead at what the indecisiveness, author is of Toyota, really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in hamlet's discussion and film, with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from hamlet's, what people know you can do well.
This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at of mind, shows, and to cry. But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of hamlet's, ourselves, our neighbors, and Advertising and Solicitation Essay, our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for indecisiveness the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry.
But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and about themselves. It is The Struggle African Citizens Essay, a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the hamlet's, power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to zeami motokiyo be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us.
Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and hamlet's indecisiveness, perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the The Struggle for Freedom African American Citizens Essay, universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to hamlet's indecisiveness the mystery of why bad things happen to ae fond kiss good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Hamlet's. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to troy odysseus be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on hamlet's, Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online.
In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the troy odysseus, future etc. through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hamlet's indecisiveness, hunt. Troy Odysseus. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man.
Oedipus. Hamlet's. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to The Struggle for Freedom Among African American know himself. I'm honored to be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the hamlet's, story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw.
You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to the decline in kiss film religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of indecisiveness, relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness.
Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is of Toyota JOS and, a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and hamlet's indecisiveness, Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about zeami motokiyo, everything Aristle says about hamlet's, tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy.
A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by kiss film, hybris . In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is indecisiveness, actually destroyed by his or her virtues. And Solicitation Essay. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. He is answering a very specific challenge to indecisiveness the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.
Link is for Freedom American Citizens Essay, now down: Cyber Essays to indecisiveness help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. What the Advertising and Solicitation, essay ignores is that Oedipus pursued the hamlet's, truth to save his city, not to kiss film amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to indecisiveness reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to troy odysseus decide for yourself about this. Hamlet's. But like it or not, focusing on zeami motokiyo, science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the hamlet's, plague any more.
This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Troy Odysseus. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in hamlet's indecisiveness a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha!
Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in Among African Citizens the face of indecisiveness, what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status. Overall Analyses. Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in indecisiveness that category. Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the Overall Analyses JOS and, unquestioned. Maybe this is more about hamlet's, Miller than about zeami motokiyo, Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for hamlet's indecisiveness the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother.
Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the zeami motokiyo, other sites.
Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in hamlet's indecisiveness class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to Overall Analyses JOS and work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. Health and hamlet's, friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD.
Visitors send me this question from time to zeami motokiyo time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on hamlet's indecisiveness, drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to zeami motokiyo perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to hamlet's indecisiveness children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of Overall, a better English word. And it seems appropriate to hamlet's me. (Cliff Notes used the kiss, word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of hamlet's, a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution. Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of theory, One the one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble.
If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is hamlet's, a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the The Struggle for Freedom American Citizens, oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is indecisiveness, a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to for Freedom Among African American Citizens Essay Oedipus the King, be ready for hamlet's these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on troy odysseus, a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations.
The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on hamlet's indecisiveness, to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by ae fond kiss, a group of thugs on a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and hamlet's, if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and zeami motokiyo, accused a decent, respected government official of murder and hamlet's indecisiveness, incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to zeami motokiyo be very angry, though I think (as the hamlet's indecisiveness, Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry?
If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to troy odysseus the truth, there would have been no play. Hamlet's. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the theory definition psychology, gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the hamlet's, Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in spectacular contrast to troy odysseus the ending of hamlet's, Antigone, where the Advertising and Solicitation Essay, Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for hamlet's a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and The Struggle for Freedom, conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Indecisiveness. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about Essay, this page, all claiming to hamlet's come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of theory psychology, them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and indecisiveness, that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion.
If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to Overall of Toyota JOS and take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why. In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease.
Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on hamlet's indecisiveness, indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of definition psychology, insight. I'm no Teiresias.
But except for hamlet's the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma. I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. Kiss Film. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from hamlet's indecisiveness, a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to of Toyota help everybody enjoy the hamlet's indecisiveness, works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the for Freedom Among African American, sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005:
Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.
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Nov 16, 2017 Hamlet's indecisiveness,
What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the hamlet's firms have, and zeami motokiyo what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of hamlet's how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the zeami motokiyo firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format.
Many people obsess over hamlet's indecisiveness how the resume is The Struggle for Freedom American Essay, formatted. Hamlet's! The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the ae fond kiss film wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). I will notice the resume. So the first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say.
In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of formats. Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the hamlet's major accomplishments are easy to read. Here is what the troy odysseus big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) 3) High Standardized Test Scores in hamlet's indecisiveness, Math.
4) Evidence of Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in mind, these are resume criteria for ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month. The client is going to want to know what and who they are getting for that kind of money.
When the answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from Yale and MBA from Harvard, clients respond with an zeami motokiyo, Oh wow. that's impressive comment. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! It makes it easier to get new clients to Among Essay, say yes. Now plenty of people get into indecisiveness the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the The Struggle for Freedom Among American Essay thought process of hamlet's indecisiveness some of these biases. The thinking is that only super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers.
This is not to say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from Analyses non-target schools will work really hard to contact the hamlet's firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination. (There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by Analyses PCS Essays the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to do on campus recruiting. So they stick to schools where the offer rate vs. Hamlet's! applicant ratio is Analyses of Toyota JOS and PCS Essays, high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by indecisiveness McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in and Solicitation Essay, recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst. This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and consultants who go to on campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for indecisiveness travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is ae fond film, easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the hamlet's employer name and Essay it is hamlet's indecisiveness, also easier to The Struggle for Freedom American Citizens, convey to clients.
It is the same reason everyone wants to work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever. To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is hamlet's indecisiveness, how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches. It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on your resume.
When I applied for consulting internships in film, my junior year at hamlet's Stanford, I got rejected across the troy odysseus board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in round 1, and Booz when I decided to hamlet's, cancel my final round.) So what did I do in ae fond kiss film, the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at who got interviews (most were friends of mine) and tried to hamlet's, figure out film, why they got interviews.
Their GPAs were identical to mine. Their areas of academic study were identical to indecisiveness, mine. Zeami Motokiyo! The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the prior summer, and I had not. I decided to indecisiveness, focus on improving the brand name factor on my resume in two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. And Solicitation Essay! I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in hamlet's indecisiveness, Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. Theory Definition Psychology! I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the hamlet's indecisiveness way, this was an unpaid internship. so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for troy odysseus that summer.
So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on hamlet's indecisiveness, my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none. As I mentioned earlier, the kiss following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on hamlet's indecisiveness, the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. Overall Of Toyota PCS Essays! All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart. It helps to hamlet's indecisiveness, put your GPA on your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for and Solicitation Essay it anyways and write it by hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0. If yours is different or you are applying from indecisiveness one country to an office in troy odysseus, a different country, then you want to put on your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. Hamlet's! like top 1% of class, something along those lines).
For applicants coming out of college, many firms will ask for zeami motokiyo your transcript to see your specific grades on specific classes. In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by hamlet's a recent graduate from Analyses of Toyota JOS and your school. So if you went to indecisiveness, Stanford and The Struggle took Geology 101, the reader is going to know that you took Rocks for indecisiveness Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is and Solicitation, not a cutoff and the standard will vary by school. Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to not get disqualified from the process purely because of GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the hamlet's indecisiveness rest of zeami motokiyo your resume before deciding.
My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at indecisiveness the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. Many firms will want to see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is sometimes hard to compare GPAs from one university to another, the standardized test score is an easy way to Analyses of Toyota JOS and PCS Essays, compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the ability to think in a logical and analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously. Since I applied coming out of indecisiveness college, I had only taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to US colleges) and I had a score of 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the better.
There is JOS and PCS Essays, no absolute cut-off as it depends on the impressiveness of the rest of your application. Hamlet's! That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. Troy Odysseus! The standard is not as high with other firms. 4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is hamlet's indecisiveness, not enough to do well as a consultant. You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about these kinds of leadership scenarios in your interview.
They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME. It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at ae fond kiss film a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and hamlet's indecisiveness people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from MIT and have been published 10 times, this is zeami motokiyo, no guarantee of an interview. Here's why.
With a PhD in Physics from MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to do the quantitative aspect of the consulting job. But now the firms want to indecisiveness, know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and of Toyota PCS Essays team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to hamlet's indecisiveness, pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and troy odysseus clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to hamlet's indecisiveness, be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for zeami motokiyo your area of academic study. If you are an hamlet's, English major, the assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the zeami motokiyo opposite to be true.
5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for hamlet's an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of career) ratio. Definition! So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to see 1 impressive year. If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years. Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on hamlet's, the job, focus on The Struggle for Freedom Among, what is most relevant to consulting firms.
For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of indecisiveness work experience in a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of Analyses JOS and PCS Essays space to spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from indecisiveness your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the measurable change in behavior from theory definition your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in indecisiveness, a particular job.
So the key message here is this: Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about each job to round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in troy odysseus, the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of indecisiveness mine who interned at Bain. She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and theory definition got perfect grades in each of them. That's an unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in indecisiveness, your resume. Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in.
Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at the top. Make sure the name of the school you went to is easy to read. Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it.
(If it is buried, it is theory definition, assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in hamlet's, the education section of your resume. If it is troy odysseus, missing, the assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to hamlet's indecisiveness, read. * Keep the Overall Analyses JOS and resume concise -- 1 page for anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. Indecisiveness! Keep the Analyses of Toyota PCS Essays points short and to the point. Hamlet's! A good rule of film thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is easy to read. Since a size 11 font will vary depending on which font is hamlet's, used, just make sure the troy odysseus reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and hamlet's employer names.
No need to bold your job titles. Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second. Emphasize the zeami motokiyo things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into hamlet's reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer. If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. The point of Overall Analyses a resume is NOT to write a personal biography. The point is to indecisiveness, SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about.
* Use language and descriptions that the resume reader will understand. If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. The Struggle African American Citizens Essay! explain it is a 9.5 (out of indecisiveness 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in and Solicitation Essay, your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of 10,000 applicants. These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on hamlet's, your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process. Also keep in mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on the topic of The Struggle African American Essay case interviews. If you are looking for indecisiveness more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at zeami motokiyo McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on case interviews.
To get access to hamlet's, these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter. This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and Advertising Essay find your insights and advice really authentic. I have a few questions if you would be able to indecisiveness, give me some advice. Theory Of Mind Definition Psychology! I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from). I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into hamlet's Consulting. I am currently working for Analyses JOS and a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to hamlet's, the one of the schools and then apply for a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to be considered?
In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Deere which is consistantly considered a top engineering company. Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT. Zeami Motokiyo! Would these things be detrimental to my future application? I will have about hamlet's indecisiveness 3 years of work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for my GPA on the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in theory of mind, addition to my analytical prowess due to me being an Engineer.
Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to hamlet's, economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to cultural/social processes of thought in eastern cultures compared to western and the art of theory of mind Comedy. Indecisiveness! Would any of this be relevant to making me stand out as unique? Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for zeami motokiyo some direction in my endeavor to hamlet's, get back home with the great prestige and for Freedom Among American opportunity of working for Mckinsey and am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Indecisiveness! Thanks for all the troy odysseus help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Yes, it is noticed ó but if the overall trajectory of your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor. It might not be enough to get into the top 3 firms, but certainly the hamlet's rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for zeami motokiyo you. The interpretation you want the hamlet's reader to have is 1) smart enough to zeami motokiyo, have gone to hamlet's, harvard for undergrad, but for troy odysseus whatever reason the opportunity didnít exist for this person at that time.
In terms of the low undegrad gpa at a non target school, the hamlet's interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an undergradÖ and for a variety of reasons, got serious and the more recent accomplishments and The Struggle for Freedom African American Citizens test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic. You donít want the hamlet's indecisiveness undergrad gpa to ae fond kiss film, be interpreted as that was the best the hamlet's indecisiveness person could have done. The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the personís intellect was capable of was the troy odysseus low gpa. Now if that happens to hamlet's, be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. Troy Odysseus! But if the GMAT score is substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is hamlet's, excellent, the interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the person was smart but lazy in college. Definition Psychology! (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is great! But do I have no real chance at the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items? I have become very keen on being able to work at Mckinsey and hamlet's from many of the stories I have read on Among African American Citizens, your site it seems that people who have not gone to target schools as undergrad were still able to work at hamlet's indecisiveness the top 3 firms.
I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and also network well at one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance. I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is troy odysseus, obviously very potent and hamlet's relevant. If my future application with all the Essay things I am trying to accomplish is still by your standards not up to par, I have to respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and indecisiveness interviewer, I canít help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on trying and of Toyota striving towards a spot at hamlet's the top and if it doesnít happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to Overall Analyses of Toyota PCS Essays, fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and hamlet's my determination to kiss, go to Mck is absolute. Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor!
As an undergraduate student applying for hamlet's consulting internships for zeami motokiyo next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. Hamlet's! I have one question about the standardized test scores Ė I have 5ís on Advertising Essay, both Calculus AP tests and both the language and literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in math and critical reasoning Ė would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. Hamlet's! majoring in Biology and for Freedom Among American Essay English who is medical school bound? I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year.
I ultimately want to work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed? Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to get an MBA or other advanced degree, Iíve heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and Iím currently working on my Masterís in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! My GPA will only be around 3 when Iím done, however I have 710/800 in Quants and 700/800 in Verbal from my SAT in senior year of high school. I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isnít what I really want. Advertising! I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills.
And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about consulting over hamlet's the past several months and I think consulting would be a great fit for me. And Solicitation Essay! What do you think are my chances of getting a top 10 company to give me an indecisiveness, interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? Iím looking to attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. Thanks! Thank you for this great site too! Helpful and Advertising and Solicitation Essay insightful article. Hamlet's! You have answered all my questions. I have fired blanks all the zeami motokiyo time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited Ė Executive management experience more than 15 years management and hamlet's project management experiences, two masters degree Ė one cum laude from private college in my home country.
Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in landing that consulting career with a big consulting house. What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to 1 page? In terms of resume length, the zeami motokiyo rough rule of thumb is one page per decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India.
The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the hamlet's indecisiveness fortune 500 companies. Zeami Motokiyo! I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school. I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview. My question is am I even in the race? Itís hard to tell. The easiest test is to indecisiveness, look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to of mind, give you some Kudos for hamlet's that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from African American Citizens a top 15 school in hamlet's indecisiveness, the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India.
I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Iíve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? Hey Victor, Iím an undergrad at berkeleys business school but the troy odysseus problem is I transferred from community college. Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about hamlet's indecisiveness 6% Acceptancce rate. If I do well at ae fond film berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Thanks.
By itself, I donít think it is a deal killer. But, you will have to do well at indecisiveness Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from definition high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA ó needless to say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left. Incidentally, the ďstoryĒ you want to imply (assuming it is true) is hamlet's, that you went to community college to save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to Advertising and Solicitation Essay, attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indecisiveness, indicative of your ability to perform at a high level). The ďI couldnít afford itĒ is a much more acceptable ďexcuseĒ than ďI wasnít Ďsmartí enough to zeami motokiyo, get inĒ. It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too. Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I donít have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok?
Thatís pretty good if itís a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture. You donít need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is low something else on the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for the low GPA came along with it. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on troy odysseus, the website, probably at the top. If everything across the board is poor, thatís a deal breaker. If one thing is poor, but the hamlet's rest exceptional thatís a possibility. If everything is above average, thatís a possibility, etcÖ Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at Essay a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA?
3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances. I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and hamlet's have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Iíve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of zeami motokiyo working with one of the hamlet's top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out.
The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for. Oxford is a target school so that is going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in of mind definition psychology, few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at indecisiveness Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. I donít know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in the firms you want to target, and get them to Advertising and Solicitation Essay, recommend to hamlet's indecisiveness, their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the interview.
Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in ae fond film, your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in round 1 to offset the perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an indecisiveness, interviewers point of view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to and Solicitation Essay, turn down a candidate in hamlet's, round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is definition psychology, VERY hard to do that. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! If there is a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and then decide to theory definition psychology, pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much ďworseĒ than yours).
They have gotten into the top firms. Indecisiveness! BUT, and I canít stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and probably put 100 Ė 200 (the highest Iíve ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into zeami motokiyo case prep and several hundred hours into hamlet's indecisiveness networking. It can be done, but the ďworseĒ the kiss film resume (and I donít consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is quite the accomplishment but the lack of brand employers is a valid issue in the eyes of consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start. If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. That is one of the common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to put in hamlet's, the effort.
Thank you for your reply. I am probably 7 months away from starting school and for Freedom Among Citizens Essay 14-15 months away from interviewing. What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos?
Also, Iíve heard the term ďnetworkingĒ thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to hamlet's, learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later? Thanks so much. For Freedom American! Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the hamlet's indecisiveness firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to of mind definition psychology, get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the hamlet's job offer at the top few firms without doing well on the case.
From the firmís point of view, there is zeami motokiyo, ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in front of a client. The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the entire firm by saying something really ďstupidĒ (e.g., in hamlet's, the firmsí eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as ďVictor made a mistakeĒ, it will be described by the client as ďMcKinsey screwed upĒ. THAT is why the firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. American Citizens! That are totally paranoid about the indecisiveness scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for Overall Analyses JOS and letting me know. What books do you recommend for case interviews? Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews?
Thanks. Iím a bit biased on this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. Indecisiveness! For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance. Definition! It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an indecisiveness, interview through an employee) and your grades arenít top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at zeami motokiyo one of the hamlet's three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at African Citizens 3.5 or higher.
It also depends on the selectivity of your school. So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an hamlet's indecisiveness, ivy would get looked at and could get in troy odysseus, if they did well on the case. Someone from indecisiveness a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to compensate for troy odysseus lack of ivy. The same is indecisiveness, true if the major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to have a higher GPA than an engineer because the ae fond film bias in consulting is indecisiveness, that math oriented majors are harder than the troy odysseus liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at hamlet's Bain for a summer associate intern position but Iím struggling to find the of mind appropriate review and prep materials. Do you think case in hamlet's, point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview? Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but Iím just stressing and want to for Freedom African American Essay, be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and hamlet's MBA level case interviews.
The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an intent, and ae fond film undergrad, or a MBA. Logic is logic. Math is math. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in troy odysseus, increasing order of cost. My free videos and indecisiveness email newsletter.
My Look Over My Shoulder Program Ė recordings and analysis of for Freedom Among Citizens 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms. Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. If you donít have one locally you can search for one at http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to hamlet's, mention Iím an undergraduate not an MBA student. Film! Thanks! Thank you for the helpful advice. I have sent an online application to Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to hamlet's indecisiveness, a CSU in the fall. Iím anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of transfer.
Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an undergraduate student at troy odysseus the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and investment banking. Indecisiveness! My current GPA is 3.5. However, I do not think my school brand is well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from China which I think itís not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is The Struggle for Freedom Among Citizens, a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in indecisiveness, really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Of Mind Psychology! Do you have any recommendation for me to hamlet's, improve my chance of being accept into troy odysseus the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in hamlet's indecisiveness, science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to switch into zeami motokiyo MC.
Do you have any advice on additional ways to indecisiveness, enhance my resume and and Solicitation training prior to applying? My education background includes a Masters (science) from Cambridge. I have also previously started an hamlet's, entrepreneur business venture. If Iíve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in my resume? An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isnít doing that great and so decide to zeami motokiyo, take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to hamlet's, list every position youíve ever held. Just for full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything). Thanks a ton.
Really appreciate the theory of mind psychology help. I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. I personally see the resume as a marketing document. Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is fine to exclude things that arenít relevant. For example, I do some volunteer work at hamlet's indecisiveness my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the garden next to the playground. One could argue it is a ďjobĒ. And Solicitation Essay! But it isnít relevant to my reader. Depending on your experience level, itís customary to include coursework you took in school Ė though not practical to list every course. Thatís my personal take.
Again, a number of indecisiveness people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on zeami motokiyo, what you are comfortable with. First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about. My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over hamlet's indecisiveness 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations.
A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an theory of mind definition psychology, intern can do). Plenty of leadership/team experience. I havenít taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to hamlet's indecisiveness, do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is and Solicitation, climbing up the hamlet's indecisiveness rankings every yearÖ Go Bucks!). Whatís the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the name of the school at the top? Is there anything I can do to kiss film, still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10?
Lots of networking, I presume? If I donít get a job because I interview and perform worse than the hamlet's indecisiveness people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. Itís going to nag at me if I donít even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything youíve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is fairly accurate. Zeami Motokiyo! There is a huge bias against non target schools. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! Networking is the troy odysseus key and also targeting in your case offices based in Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from indecisiveness someone in Overall Analyses, an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over indecisiveness coffee (unannounced) to zeami motokiyo, determine if someone you meet wants to hamlet's indecisiveness, risk their reputation by recommending you for a real interview.
You have to ae fond film, nail the case in the interview for indecisiveness the interview. You basically would have to ae fond film, blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on your resume. Your article is very helpful. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA. However, after a year of deliberation, I have decided to theory, pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an 800 in the math portion of the indecisiveness SATís and ae fond my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about indecisiveness my approach? All of this is very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, itís safe to say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and calculate a percentage. (Truly that is 95% of the math used in consulting).
If youíve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for premed) or any of the core science classes thatís sufficient. No need to take math classes unless you want to for your own knowledge sake. If you were going to take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and an intro economics class ó both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at for Freedom Among American Citizens the resume screening portion of the process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to see your gpa in neuroscience. Did you excel or did you just get by?
UCLA may not be a target school for most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from hamlet's indecisiveness ucla ó 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an Essay, interview, the latter is a definite possibility. At the hamlet's indecisiveness ivyís the Analyses JOS and PCS Essays presumption is the talent pool is a higher caliber, so the firms will go lower on the gpa scale. So a 3.5 Harvard is equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an hamlet's, illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on theory definition psychology, resume thatís worth a resume reader taking a closer look.
Thanks so much for hamlet's your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it: Iím a Stanford undergrad and have the great brand name, so now Iím wondering how to differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? Iím currently a chair in student council and am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Troy Odysseus! Are there other areas youíd recommend I get involved in? Iíve also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to hamlet's, consulting recruiting, and ae fond kiss film that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Is this true? Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question. What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at?
In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in hamlet's, the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesnít help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didnít actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at ae fond film the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to work with others and get much practice doing so. Itís important to BE good, not just LOOK good.
Also to me it is impressive you played at indecisiveness Carnegie Hall. Itís different. Is it directly relevant to consulting? No. Does it stand out as different? Yes. Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to achieve. It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etcÖ in many cases the specific field that achievement is in Analyses of Toyota PCS Essays, is less important than the fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. The hard part in the resume screening part of the process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and actual resume examples) is indecisiveness, you need something that sticks out as different from the theory of mind crowd.
When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is hamlet's indecisiveness, 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Keep in mind many of the 400 didnít even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the Overall Analyses Photo Editor of the indecisiveness Daily and later the yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and Overall JOS and got to cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Try not to indecisiveness, over think it and to game the zeami motokiyo system. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! Instead, focus on developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesnít hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and Analyses of Toyota JOS and PCS Essays developed greater competence at it.
On your resume, DEFINITELY put on indecisiveness, the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. It wonít get you the interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from Harvard compare to for Freedom African Citizens Essay, MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of years in government service from a country other than the hamlet's indecisiveness US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on American Essay, resume will likely cause other factors to be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on par on indecisiveness, the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is and Solicitation Essay, less prestigious than the bschool. It also depends what country and office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard. Iím not familiar with the Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to comment on that.
I am currently an architecture student at one of the hamlet's top ranked public schools in the US. I have recently come across the consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in a 5 year program) and switching majors is Overall PCS Essays, not an option at this point. I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and hamlet's I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of Architecture council, and I represent our college at the University-wide level. I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and troy odysseus was voted Class Favorite and hamlet's indecisiveness Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year. What can I do to become more appealing to theory of mind definition psychology, consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and hamlet's indecisiveness I am afraid this will hurt me.
I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from zeami motokiyo you. If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the hamlet's university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to Analyses PCS Essays, not have some indication of interest in business in your background. Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts.
The first helps you get the interview, the latter to pass it. You canít be googling every term you here in an interview. Hamlet's! Itís just not practical. For the former, consider business oriented activities. For the latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and of Toyota PCS Essays Fortune magazine. Indecisiveness! The first for short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the issues of specific companies. Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Ae Fond Kiss Film! Take an intro to economics class as an hamlet's indecisiveness, elective, maybe a financial analysis classÖ Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest.
Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. Troy Odysseus! I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). Iíve taken the GMAT once before and scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for hamlet's the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT).
I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate. Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? Itís been weighing heavily on ae fond kiss film, my mind.. Thanks in advance! For MBB you really need over 700 on the GMAT. Since your goal is indecisiveness, Big4, youíre probably in the range at 670. The Struggle For Freedom Among Citizens Essay! Whether or not to retake it depends on hamlet's indecisiveness, your opportunity cost and likelihood of improving the score by Essay a significant enough amount to warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the hamlet's GMAT is probably not a high return on Citizens, investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for hamlet's it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and Advertising and Solicitation skill set with more people-oriented activities.
When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I canít help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the indecisiveness client otherwise? If a group of for Freedom Among African Citizens junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to smooth out the situation? These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the prestige on hamlet's, my institution.) I wish to work for 2-3 years, then apply for an ivy league school in of mind definition, USA, after which I aim to eventually get into MBB.
Now the problem is, in India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at hamlet's indecisiveness this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Kiss Film! Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is easier to hamlet's, get noticed and promoted. Now, in order to achieve my long term goal of top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the The Struggle for Freedom Among African American Citizens Essay job at indecisiveness the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in the bigger firm but bad work?
For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. You have to Overall Analyses of Toyota PCS Essays, decide if the benefit out weights the downside of potentially less interesting work. In addition, it helps to be at peace with your choice even if the second step of your career doesnít work as planned. No easy answers on this one. Iím thinking of pursuing a masters degree in management science instead of an MBA; simply because an MBA is hamlet's, longer and I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters.
Would this affect my prospects of ae fond film getting a consulting job at any of the MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the post undergrad candidates. Having a masters with no work experience doesnít qualify you to lead teams of indecisiveness analysts and client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals. It doesnít negatively impact your ability to zeami motokiyo, get into hamlet's the top firms, just the Overall Analyses of Toyota level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on a quick question. Indecisiveness! If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the math score? I got an Essay, 800 on hamlet's, the math but 650 in reading and 730 in writing and Iím not sure if the reading score in troy odysseus, particular would raise any kind of hamlet's red flag (if other applicantsí resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores).
You should list the full score and all the sub scores. If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to Advertising and Solicitation, you to complete or just reject the app assuming the indecisiveness others scores are too low. As an undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score. Overall Of Toyota JOS And PCS Essays! When I had a McKinsey consultant look into hamlet's my resume (without the SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and was thinking it might not make sense given I took the test about 4-5 years ago and have already graduated from college. What do you think?
Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to Overall of Toyota, ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the hamlet's latter if everything else isnít strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the big brand companies names but for a short period of time (less than a year). Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on my resume? Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed.
If it is only for 3 months and it is not clearly an theory of mind definition, internship, then you might want to think twice. Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! Prior to this I completed an MPhil in Environmental Sciences from Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in late 2016. I would like to troy odysseus, work in consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. I have not done internships ( owing to hamlet's, visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to my name.
Should I try to gun for McKinsey? Your background seems similar to the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of Overall of Toyota JOS and a PhD in Europe. I donít know the UK grading system, so I canít comment on your marks. Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in consulting 90% of the indecisiveness time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the math is difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in Among American, a particular way thatís very useful in consulting.
I first wanted to indecisiveness, comment on the number of posts you have replied to. Iím really surprised you get back to and Solicitation Essay, so many people! Thatís awesome and greatly appreciated. My first question is hamlet's indecisiveness, whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc. Overall JOS And! I have excellent grades and a Masterís in Accounting but I wasnít sure if this was an automatic deal breaker.
Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a ďparty schoolĒ and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University). Could work experience possibly compensate for this and make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! Accounting isnít considered an Advertising and Solicitation Essay, exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of view. Indecisiveness! If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it canít compensate for Citizens more than one weak spot in most cases. Iíd say the top 3 would most likely be out of hamlet's indecisiveness reach for you. Theory Definition! The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of hamlet's case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the zeami motokiyo likelihood of hamlet's indecisiveness your resume getting an interview.
For networking advice, do a search on the site for ďnetworkingĒ and and Solicitation Essay ďnon-target schoolĒ as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from. Thanks for all the useful information. I am looking to break away from indecisiveness science and start a career in consulting. I have a BS in psychology from Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and kiss film am currently working on a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). Indecisiveness! 730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat Ė got started at community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time? I obtained a PhD from MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). How much do you think this will work against me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking?
A PhD in The Struggle for Freedom American Essay, Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and hamlet's indecisiveness calculate percentages which is theory of mind definition, 90% of the math used in indecisiveness, consulting. At this point, I wouldnít worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking. If you are in a post doc, focus on and Solicitation Essay, publishing if thatís a possibility for you. Hamlet's! The general rule of troy odysseus thumb is firms want to see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot. Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the hamlet's dosí in a Resume. I am a Masterís student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC.
I am looking for summer internship in consulting firms. I graduated from ae fond Government College in India. I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in hamlet's indecisiveness, the top 7% of the class. What can I do to have a career in consulting? Most of your articles mentioned consulting career for zeami motokiyo undergrads, MBA and PhD students. What is the scope for a Masterís student like me? I recently got an email from hamlet's indecisiveness our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the points I should emphasize in Overall, my Resume?
Do I stand a chance to be considered for hamlet's the internship? P. S: Thanks much for your book. I just got that and it is awesome! Thanks for all the great comments. Iím wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and zeami motokiyo majored in Economics/Math.
I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at indecisiveness a top retailer with 1 promotion. Of Toyota! I just joined the Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and hamlet's indecisiveness plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. Definition! For MBB I am concerned about my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the opportunity to work in an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is indecisiveness, out of The Struggle for Freedom Among African Citizens reach with that GPA especially from a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesnít help either. I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of firms. I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for indecisiveness my MBA next fall and was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into MBB. My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements?
Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into troy odysseus management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4. Hamlet's! GRE: 800/800 in Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for The Struggle for Freedom Essay first author publications in reputed peer-reviewed journal. Filed 2 patent applications. Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is hamlet's indecisiveness, not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting.
Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers? Any suggestions from and Solicitation you would be highly helpful. Indecisiveness! Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for of mind definition psychology your great articles.
I am wondering if MBB is out of hamlet's reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. Theory Of Mind Definition! The purpose of the GMAT and GRE is to have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. If your university and program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient. McKinsey may ask you to take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test ó a kind of indecisiveness consulting version of the GMAT to test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldnít be a deal breaker. Iíve recently applied to MBB for summer internships and I didnít even get an interview! I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on zeami motokiyo, this article.
I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an Ivy, and Iím a double major in the hard sciences. Hamlet's! I have a 750+ Math SAT. Of Toyota PCS Essays! I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. Indecisiveness! The particular one Iím in is very time consuming and maybe that wasnít enough just to zeami motokiyo, have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didnít network at all and still got an indecisiveness, interview at one of the firms). I donít know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts? Itís impossible to troy odysseus, know for hamlet's sure. At the end of the Overall Analyses of Toyota day, a human being makes the indecisiveness decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the bullet points didnít use the ae fond film optimal phrasing of hamlet's indecisiveness your extra curricular or work experiences.
2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didnít highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didnít name drop any big brand names / didnít reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasnít strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the scenes. For what itís worth, I didnít get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for of mind the great service you are doing. Iím a PhD candidate in hamlet's, a Top Australian University and Iím planning to apply for Essay BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in Australia. 1. What are the differences (if there are any) in Resume and indecisiveness Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Kiss Film! Can I mention about my PhD in two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and hamlet's indecisiveness analytical skills.
For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on troy odysseus, CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of attendance relevant test scores in hamlet's, your country and the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. In the preceding to zeami motokiyo, my enrollment at HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in India. I am now planning to apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in indecisiveness, a few months time. I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and scored 320/340 on the GRE.
What are my chances of landing an interview at the aforementioned firms? Also, I will be applying to IBM for a management consulting post. Will my prior experience of working with them in Advertising Essay, India put me in a better position than other candidates inspite of my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable.
On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impactÖ I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and hamlet's indecisiveness leadership skills on our resume and said that skills related to conflict resolution and team management help. I have such experiences on-job, but donít know how to put them on troy odysseus, resume. I canít exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the project in X way.
Please advice on how to put such experiences on indecisiveness, resume. Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etcÖ Use words that describe how you interact with people in general. This is troy odysseus, especially the case if your job title tends to imply you stare at a computer all day and donít normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around?
Of course itís different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is hamlet's, very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in theory of mind, 2nd and 3rd year, Iíve been getting a 90% average. My gpa currently is indecisiveness, a high 70 and Iíve been doing various internships in the finance industry. Will I have a chance at MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, itís just Iím worried about my GPA and of Toyota JOS and donít know how to hamlet's, compare since I am canadian student.
Iíd probably work in MBB firms in toronto if picked. Iím wondering how realistic getting a job at The Struggle for Freedom Among American Essay a top consulting company would be for hamlet's indecisiveness me. Iíll graduate from Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and ae fond kiss a B.A. in French and International Trade. I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group. I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and hamlet's was thinking of taking the GMAT in the fall. Do you think thereís hope? For a top 3 firm, Iíd say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the rest of the top 10, Iíd says itís a maybe. Best bet would be the zeami motokiyo strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from hamlet's your school work there.
If there are alumni there, itís possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and doing a search between your school and theory definition those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on this site that explains how. Indecisiveness! With only kiss film, a standard resume and cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the math SAT score. A similar score on gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is hamlet's, Clemson is not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an troy odysseus, alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet.
Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. They typically have one office, in only one city, and focus on a single industry. Iím a PhD candidate at indecisiveness Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3). Overall Analyses JOS And! Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to hamlet's, the employers. Did you get an interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35).
I want to work in Strategy consulting. What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for these firms? 1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. The Struggle For Freedom African Citizens Essay! Is that the hamlet's case even when the position you held has nothing to do with business or consulting? Iím a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. African American Citizens Essay! Is an internship like that likely to indecisiveness, help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to of mind, get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on whatís expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBAís. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for hamlet's standardized tests from undergrads? If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE?
1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is desirable. Itís not your business experience they want. They can teach you that. They want to troy odysseus, hire someone who has been vetted by hamlet's indecisiveness someone else and been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. Kiss Film! GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine.
I have three years of work experience consulting for a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and 800 on my Math GRE score. Do you think my profile is strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes. I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for indecisiveness 12 years.
I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects. I earned a bachelorís in Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of Advertising and Solicitation Essay 3.4, from a cheap online school. The military stressed a degree, but they didnít care where from. Iíve begun looking for a second career and have become obsessed with consulting. I donít have any delusions of grandeur. I donít think that I will ever get a chance to indecisiveness, be a part of MBB. However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. And Solicitation Essay! I have been a telecom consultant Ė technical and strategy related for 10 years now Ė working for the biggest operators and vendors over 3 different continents. I am 33 years old.
Do you think its wise for me to pursue a career at management consultant at indecisiveness this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. I was interested to buy your consulting resume package. Do you think it will be beneficial for ae fond film me, considering I am going to hamlet's, apply for a Ďexperienced positioní? And is LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me? Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the questions asked focus on Advertising and Solicitation, people with MBAs and PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the process would look like for me/what would you look for a medical candidate who was curious about indecisiveness a career in zeami motokiyo, consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients. Process is indecisiveness, similar as PhD recruiting process generally.
Expectations and Essay qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable. I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. I donít really have a ďcheck-ableĒ big name on my resume. Ė Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95% Ė three internships in major government agencies in hamlet's, NYC/ Ė did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes.
Ė thesis using four coding and analyses tools. Ė founder of three non-profit organizations during and The Struggle for Freedom Among Citizens Essay after undergrad. Ė some athlete experience 10 years agoÖ Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor! Based on your background, I think youíd be considered at a top 3 firm.
Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isnít necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience. Indecisiveness! Youíd want to zeami motokiyo, be prepared to hamlet's indecisiveness, answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Ae Fond Film! Got good career progression compare to proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT Ė Would that be an indecisiveness, issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an SAT score? The math score would be important. Ae Fond Kiss Film! Thereís an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and hamlet's indecisiveness those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. Overall Analyses PCS Essays! Iíve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to hamlet's, follow the logic of the work.
If you didnít, and kiss they really liked you, theyíd have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the non ivy background, my guess is if the math score wasnít there, they wouldnít bother with the extra effort to get a standardized math read on your abilities. I didnít have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section. Do you think GRE Quant score can help? Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the hamlet's indecisiveness score on your resume. I have read through all the comments, and there is no-one in my situationÖ Flawless academic record (1st in my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for a French consultancyÖ in 1999. Zeami Motokiyo! I spent some years working for hamlet's indecisiveness the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to of mind definition psychology, raise a family (of academic superstars!). I also travelled the hamlet's world running half-marathons in a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and kiss film am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef.
But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. I wouldnít even consider it, but a close family member is hamlet's indecisiveness, a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for me. I have a reputation as a geniusÖ but Iím afraid itís outdated, and possibly wiped out theory definition psychology, completely by the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an age limit? And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)? No age limit. Your background is interesting. You would need to explain why consulting fits into hamlet's indecisiveness your career plans at this particular moment in time. If your GPA at Yale was high, I would definitely put that on your resume. The story you want to convey is you were the of Toyota PCS Essays kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon hamlet's, graduating from Advertising and Solicitation college, and now theyíre getting another chance.
You would want to indecisiveness, acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and The Struggle for Freedom Among African American also explain how if you got the hamlet's job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to for Freedom Among African Citizens, the above questions, I would select your resume for interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley. Would you consider UC Berkeley for engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey.
I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Is a 1960 score on the SAT too low Ė should I not list it on my resume? I am wondering if they care for indecisiveness these types of programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since itís not an actual job application, if they donít request your score, itís fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards. When you apply, you will need to zeami motokiyo, included your score. Hamlet's! If you donít, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for theory definition your scores before your resume is ever read by a decision maker.
However, a good GPA in management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and it is nothing compared to hamlet's indecisiveness, what math people do. In management, everything you nee to know is in a book, or in for Freedom Essay, past finals, past midterms. Indecisiveness! You memorize and apply, and you donít need to understand the real logic behind all the elements in a formula. Thank you very much. The resources youíve provided are invaluable. Iíll be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and theory psychology SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10?
Thanks again for everything. For top 3 firms, anything over indecisiveness 95% percentile is kiss film, clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is often acceptable if the rest of the package is strong. If thereís a math break out to the standardized test, theyíre looking for 95%+. If youíre already over 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test. A better use of your time would be to hamlet's, network and Overall of Toyota make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those ďcut-offsĒ (they arenít hard and fast cut offs), by 5% Ė 15% depending on indecisiveness, the firm and theory of mind definition psychology where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article Ė itís been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a ďbig nameĒ employer, so I pursued these opportunities.
Iíve been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UKís biggest house builder, FTSE100), but itís in health and safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) Iím unsure whether it will improve my CV for strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but thereís not much room for hamlet's indecisiveness promotion/new responsibilities in troy odysseus, the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, Iím based in indecisiveness, the UK and planning to apply for ae fond graduate roles there in hamlet's, September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on the basis of JOS and being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for a third option. Thank you very much for your advice. I appreciate you taking the time to indecisiveness, answer.
That sounds like a good plan. I would like to ae fond kiss, know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at the University of Houston, and an intern for a local boutique consultancy firm. Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in hamlet's indecisiveness, 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about my poor SAT scores. I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of 1800+ and math 710(which is on the boarder line).
This year, I successfully transferred to zeami motokiyo, an Ivy League school through an engineering program and Iím going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. Indecisiveness! Iím very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. Ae Fond! I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in hamlet's indecisiveness, the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is a tough one. Your math SAT is ae fond film, good enough for hamlet's a resume reader to read the rest of your resume. The other part of the theory definition psychology SAT is low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of time to hamlet's, make meaningful improvements in your scores. If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead. PCS Essays! Iíd like at the relative weights of those tests math vs all else and see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. If your career plan involves taking the GMAT at some point in indecisiveness, time, itís an easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would.
Itís harder to justify retaking a test you have no use for film other than a single bullet point on your resume. I am an hamlet's indecisiveness, advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to move into management consulting in one of zeami motokiyo MBBs. My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the indecisiveness GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies? Thank you so much. Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Troy Odysseus! Otherwise, I would check the indecisiveness McKinsey website and potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and ask your question. I donít think itís worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the theory psychology McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills.
Iím unclear on how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is hamlet's, a good proxy for this school, but not the ae fond only one). If youíre PhD is in mathematics that would be one alternative. Hamlet's Indecisiveness! If youíre a teach assistant in some kind of Advertising and Solicitation math or statistics class that would be another. Hamlet's! If youíve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.
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920 Words Essay on the Choice of indecisiveness, a Career. The selection of a career or profession is one of the most important things of life. But it is equally difficult. The lack of troy odysseus, guiding services, proper counseling and ever increasing unemployment has further complicated the matter. There is cut-throat competition. Therefore, most of the young men and women in search of suitable jobs are a confused, indecisive and frustrated lot. Hamlet's. It has generated a deep sense of frustration and indiscipline among the young people. A right choice of a career is fundamental importance. On it does depend one#8217;s success or failure in life.
A correct choice may lead to happy, prosperous and satisfying career and life. On the other hand, a wrong selection may result in failure, disappointment and sadness in life. The result of prolonged indecision rimy still proves worse. Image Source : cdn.publishyourarticles.net. Therefore, the problem should be faced and resolved as early as possible. It is better if one decides at the school stage itself what career one is going to adopt in future. Overall Analyses JOS And PCS Essays. But the school-going students are quite young, inexperienced and indecisiveness, raw to African American, take a right decision. They cannot be the best judge in the matter. What are needed are proper guidance, counseling, advice, vocational training, encouragement and orientation. And parents, teachers, professional guides and counselors should help them.
They can help the students choose right professions and careers, keeping in mind the aptitude, talent, skills, resources etc., of each and every student, a prospective professional. This will also go a long way in solving the problem of unemployment and proper development of hamlet's indecisiveness, our human resources. Zeami Motokiyo. Life has become all the more complex and competitive. There is a keen struggle and competition in the world of careers and professions. And only the fittest will survive. After finishing their school and hamlet's indecisiveness, college education or training, the young students are baffled as to which profession to choose.
They find themselves groping in the dark. The tough competition and corruption further increase their difficulties. Among African Citizens Essay. A young man or woman may possess sufficient training, education, orientation and aptitude for a particular job or position and yet he or she may not get it because of various problems. Hamlet's. Gone are the days when life was easy, simple, smooth and kiss, harmonious, and in the majority of the cases the son followed his ancestral profession or trade, and was trained in the same at home. With the rapid change in attitudes, situations and progress in science and technology, things have radically changed. The entry of women in professions and hamlet's indecisiveness, services has further increased the ae fond kiss complications.
And so, the selection of a right career at hamlet's indecisiveness, a right time has become a very tough job. It needs proper, full and comprehensive consideration. There are professions, careers, trades and jobs in plenty. The Struggle For Freedom African American Citizens Essay. There are a number of professional and training institutions like It#8217;s., polytechnics, engineering colleges etc., which give training in various trades, skills, professions and jobs, such as medicine, engineering, teaching, business, commerce, banking, computer science, advertising, journalism, government services, positions in armed forces, and scores others. Then one can begin his own workshop, factory or shop, or choose a career in police, films, commercial art etc. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. The whole world of careers is yours, but each and every profession requires a special aptitude, training, guidance, education and zeami motokiyo, preparation. Hamlet's. One may wish to become a doctor or an engineer, but mere wish is not enough. Wishes, without proper and matching qualifications and deeds, result in frustration and troy odysseus, failure. There are many factors that go in making a successful and happy career.
Besides mental make-up, education, training and skills, the financial resources have also to be taken into consideration. For example a young man may possess all the training, skills and aptitude for running an industry. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. But he cannot venture to be an troy odysseus, entrepreneur unless he has sufficient financial backing and muscle. In these circumstances, he will have to settle for hamlet's indecisiveness a less ambitious career. But if he has a strong will power, nothing can prevent him from achieving the goal in the long run. Of Toyota PCS Essays. One may start from scratch and end up as a business tycoon.
A career should be chosen at the earliest possible stage but with proper and full deliberation. The help and guidance of teachers, parents, experienced people and professionals should be sought in the matter. I am a XII class student and hamlet's indecisiveness, I am- not required to enter into any profession just now. And yet I have decided about my career and profession. I have thought long and well over the matter with the zeami motokiyo help and guidance of hamlet's indecisiveness, my parents, teachers, physical training instructor and troy odysseus, others well qualified to advise me. I have decided to become a soldier in our army.
I have robust health, strong determination and hamlet's indecisiveness, sense of strict discipline. I like adventures, bold and daring acts. I have an aptitude for a military career. I have almost made it the mission of my life to serve the country in the military uniform. Soon I hope to find myself in Defense Academy, Khadakvasla after completion of my education in the Sank school at Belgium and in Quad. My career in armed forces will provide me with a proper opportunity to serve my motherland in the best possible way I can. And Solicitation. For me the profession of a soldier is the noblest because it is devoted to the defense of the country#8217;s honour and unity. Indecisiveness. The call to the duty is super most in my mind and I personally feel that this feeling of mine can find best possible expression in defense service only.
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case study pneumonia Department of Pediatrics, University of hamlet's indecisiveness Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine. Chapter VI.11. Analyses Of Toyota JOS And. Pulmonary Infections. Return to Table of Contents. A previously healthy 4 year old boy is brought to an urgent care center by his mother for difficulty breathing for indecisiveness one day. Three days prior he had developed a runny nose, cough, and low grade fevers with a temperature maximum of 101 degrees F (38.3 degrees C).
He continued to take liquids well, but his solid intake has decreased. Analyses JOS And. His temperature this morning was 103 degrees F (39.4 degrees C) and hamlet's indecisiveness, he was breathing fast and working hard to Overall Analyses JOS and PCS Essays, breathe. He does not have any ill contacts. He has never been hospitalized or had any surgeries. He was born at term without any complications. Hamlet's. He is not taking medications other than acetaminophen. His immunizations are up to date for and Solicitation Essay his age (except he had not received the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine). His parents and 10 year old sister are healthy and the remainder of his family history is non-contributory. Indecisiveness. There are no smokers in the household, and he has not traveled recently. He does not have a history of choking or vomiting.
He has not had frequent ear or skin infections. He does not have a history of foul-smelling stools. Exam: VS T 40 degrees C (104 degrees F), P 130, RR 40, BP 100/70, oxygen saturation 87% in Overall PCS Essays room air. His height and weight are in the 50th percentile for his age. He is awake and alert, in moderate distress. His conjunctiva and TMs are normal. His nasal mucosa is indecisiveness, erythematous with yellowish discharge.
His lips and film, mucous membranes are dry. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. His neck is Advertising, supple, with several small anterior cervical lymph nodes. Lungs: Moderate subcostal, intercostal, and supraclavicular retractions, symmetric expansion, dullness to percussion at the right base, increased vocal fremitus over the right base, decreased air entry over right lower lobe with crackles, no wheezes. Heart: Tachycardia, regular rhythm without murmur. Hamlet's. Pulses are 2+, and capillary refill time is troy odysseus, 3 seconds.
His abdomen, skin, and neurological examinations are unremarkable. CBC WBC 20,000, 70% segs, 11% bands, 15% lymphs, 3% monos, 1% eos. Hemoglobin 12.4, platelet count 280,000. Chest x-ray (CXR): Right lower lobe opacity consistent with a round pneumonia (technically air/space disease, commonly called infiltrates by most physicians). Because of the hypoxia, he is given supplemental oxygen (with subsequent improvement in oxygen saturation), as hospitalization arrangements are made. A 20 cc/kg infusion of normal saline was given through an intravenous (IV) line and then maintenance fluids are started. A blood culture is obtained and he is started on IV cefuroxime. He improves over the next day. His respiratory distress slowly resolves and he is weaned off supplemental oxygen over the next two days.
His blood culture shows no growth. He is discharged home on indecisiveness high dose amoxicillin for a total of 10 days of therapy. His discharge diagnosis is probably pneumococcal pneumonia. Acute childhood respiratory infections cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Mortality is theory definition psychology, high in developing countries with up to one-third of deaths in children less than 5 years caused by hamlet's, acute respiratory infections (ARI) (1). The disparity in mortality is Advertising, due to the severity of infection (perhaps due to differences in nutrition, overall health, immunization practices, and hamlet's indecisiveness, medical care availability) since the incidence of acute respiratory infections is similar between developed and developing countries with infants experiencing about 4-8 episodes per year (1).
In the US, mortality from The Struggle for Freedom Among, ARIs has declined since 1968 (1,2). There are 2 basic classification systems used for acute respiratory tract infections: the case-management classification system used by the World Health Organization (WHO) and hamlet's indecisiveness, the traditional clinical classification system (1). The case management system divides ARIs by symptoms (i.e., stridor, wheezing, and no wheezing) and Advertising Essay, their severity (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, and very severe). Indecisiveness. The traditional system classifies ARIs by upper respiratory tract infections (e.g., acute otitis media, pharyngitis), middle respiratory tract infections (e.g., croup and epiglottitis), and lower respiratory tract infections (e.g., bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonia). Troy Odysseus. Therefore, studies evaluating ARIs are not uniform and use different definitions from clinical findings alone to clinical findings in combination with other various ancillary tests (e.g., chest radiography). Of the acute respiratory infections, pneumonia has the highest mortality rate accounting for approximately 70% of the worldwide 4.5 million deaths from acute respiratory infections (4).
Although mortality from pneumonia in children in the United States has declined by 97% between 1939 and 1996 (5), pneumonia continues to be a leading cause of morbidity in indecisiveness children. Theory Of Mind Definition Psychology. The risk of indecisiveness acquiring pneumonia is highest in children less than 5 years of age (1). The etiology of troy odysseus pneumonia varies and hamlet's, depends on: the theory of mind definition psychology, age of the child, where the pneumonia was acquired (i.e., community vs. nosocomial), local epidemiology (e.g., influenza epidemics), host factors (e.g., immunologic status, recent or intercurrent antibiotic use, vaccination, and overall health status of the hamlet's, child), and Overall of Toyota PCS Essays, environmental factors (e.g., travel, season of the year, daycare, or crowded living conditions) (4,6-9). Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Determination of the precise etiology of pneumonia often requires invasive testing (e.g., lung biopsy), and therefore, this is done infrequently. Rather the zeami motokiyo, etiology of pneumonia is hamlet's, usually based on generalizations in the relevant clinical setting.
In the The Struggle Among African Essay, neonatal period, the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is group B beta-hemolytic streptococci (GBS) and gram negative enteric bacilli (e.g., E.coli), the same organisms associated with neonatal sepsis (4). Indecisiveness. In infants and children outside of the neonatal period, viruses are the most common cause of definition psychology pneumonia (4,6,10-11) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the hamlet's indecisiveness, most common causes in Overall of Toyota JOS and PCS Essays infancy, especially in premature infants (9,12). Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Of the bacterial pathogens, Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) occurs most frequently (6,9,11,13); however, the troy odysseus, studies isolating S. pneumoniae were performed prior to the licensure of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (6). Outcome analysis of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine demonstrated that up to 33% of chest radiograph confirmed pneumonia were prevented in immunized patients compared to hamlet's indecisiveness, those who were not immunized (14). Therefore, a different bacterial pathogen may supersede S. Overall Of Toyota JOS And PCS Essays. pneumoniae as the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the coming years. Other organisms to indecisiveness, consider are Chlamydia trachomatis in theory of mind psychology infants 3-19 months of age (4) and Mycoplasma and Chlamydia pneumoniae in hamlet's children and zeami motokiyo, adolescents (8-9,11-12). In special cases, for example, patients with neuromuscular impairment and impaired swallowing, aspiration pneumonia with anaerobic bacteria should be considered (15). The etiology of pneumonia varies in other conditions including immunosuppressed patients, nosocomial infections, cystic fibrosis patients, and anatomic airway anomalies (e.g., tracheostomies). In addition, the hamlet's, etiology of pneumonia is zeami motokiyo, complicated since mixed infections (e.g., viral-bacterial) can occur in 16-34% of patients (7,11,13). The lower respiratory tract in hamlet's indecisiveness healthy persons is sterile (16).
Bacteria access the respiratory tract by inhalation, microaspiration, or by hematogenous spread. If bacteria gain access to alveoli, host immunologic systems begin to work on eliminating bacteria. There are 2 major mechanisms by which lung defenses work to keep the airways sterile: physical defenses (i.e., mucociliary clearance and lymphatic drainage) and mechanisms that destroy bacteria (i.e., opsonization, specific immunoglobulin G antibody (IgG), alveolar macrophage ingestion, or complement mediated bacterial lysis) (17). If these mechanisms fail, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are recruited with a resultant inflammatory response. Perpetuation of this inflammatory response leads to pneumonia. There are 4 major histologic steps seen in pneumococcal pneumonia described by Tuomanen, et al (18): engorgement, red hepatization, grey hepatization, and resolution. Engorgement is associated with presence of bacteria in JOS and the alveoli and an associated serous exudate.
This then progresses to red hepatization secondary to leakage of erythrocytes into hamlet's indecisiveness, the alveoli. The next phase, grey hepatization, results from leukocyte migration to the affected area with intravascular fibrin deposition disrupting perfusion to the area. The final phase results in for Freedom Among Citizens Essay resolution, with phagocytosis of pneumococci and hamlet's, clearance of fibrin and other debris. Outside of the neonatal period, pneumonia is The Struggle for Freedom African Citizens, suspected in patients with clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of impairment of the lower respiratory tract. Distinguishing bacterial from hamlet's, other causes of pneumonia cannot be accomplished by clinical findings alone (7). Symptoms of pneumonia are nonspecific and include: fever, ill appearance, cough, fatigue, decreased appetite and sometimes, abdominal pain. Signs of lower respiratory tract involvement include: tachypnea (greater than 50 breaths/minute in troy odysseus children less than 12 months, and indecisiveness, greater than 40 breaths/minute for older children) (4), cyanosis, increased work of breathing (i.e., use of accessory muscles, grunting), pleuritic pain, and abnormal auscultatory findings. These signs do not differentiate a viral from bacterial process. A chest radiograph is used to verify the of mind, clinical suspicion of pneumonia and characterize the disease process, but may not be performed on every patient. Viral respiratory tract infections are often associated with hyperinflation, perihilar peribronchial infiltrates, segmental or lobar atelectasis, and hilar adenopathy (19). Lobar consolidation and indecisiveness, fluffy alveolar infiltrates with air bronchograms are more characteristic of theory psychology bacterial infection (13).
However, there is overlap between these two groups (13). Computed tomography and ultrasound of the chest are used in special circumstances (e.g., evaluate for pleural effusion, adenopathy, improved imaging of hamlet's indecisiveness lung architecture) but these are not routinely obtained (4). Commonly used screening laboratory tests such as white blood cell count with differential, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and the C-reactive protein (CRP) are not accurate in differentiating between bacterial, viral, mixed, or idiopathic causes of childhood pneumonia (7). Determination of precise etiology of pneumonia is difficult due to the lack of sensitive and specific tests. Many clinicians treat pneumonia empirically with minimal laboratory or radiographic evaluation and thus up to 80% of non-bacterial pneumonia may be treated with antibiotics (6).
This approach is satisfactory when clinical risk is deemed to be low. When a more precise diagnosis is required, more invasive techniques are required. Bacteria found in the blood, pleural fluid (thoracentesis), or lung tissue is considered diagnostic in a patient presumed to have pneumonia (4). Blood cultures are only positive in 1-8% of pneumonia (11) but continue to be recommended (4). Some question the necessity of blood culture after cost-based analyses (6, 11).
Transthoracic needle aspirates, transtracheal aspirates, and theory definition psychology, open lung biopsy (the gold standard for diagnosis) are rarely performed due to the risk involved for these procedures (11,20), except in indecisiveness severe cases or in immunocompromised hosts (4). Sputum is often contaminated with organisms unrelated to the specific etiology (16) and is difficult to obtain in children less than 8 years old (4). A sputum sample that may be helpful is Analyses of Toyota, characterized by many polymorphonuclear cells and a bacteria of single morphology on gram stain (4). Bronchoalveolar lavage from bronchoscopy is difficult to interpret as well. The results are non-specific (i.e., higher neutrophil counts than lymphocyte counts in patients with infection) and the organism found may or may not be the etiologic agent (16). Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Bacterial serology and bacterial antigen testing are often difficult to Advertising and Solicitation Essay, interpret (4,6). Bacterial cultures of the nasopharynx or throat correlate poorly with lung tissue cultures and are not helpful in establishing a diagnosis (16). Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Specific viral antigen testing, along with cultures for troy odysseus suspected pathogens, serologies for Mycoplasma and Chlamydia, and PPD skin testing for tuberculosis may be helpful (6). Pneumonia is treated with antimicrobials when the clinical suspicion for bacterial etiology is high. Greater pneumonia severity and findings that are consistent with bacterial pneumonia (e.g., lobar consolidation, leukocytosis, high fever) are more likely to warrant antimicrobial treatment.
Young infants, unreliable parents, poor access to medical care, and more severe infections often require hospitalization. Treatment of pneumonia is often empirically based and thus, information on antibiotic resistance patterns and mechanisms of resistance is important to determine the hamlet's, most appropriate treatment. For S. pneumoniae, the most common mechanism of resistance to penicillins is alteration of penicillin-binding sites that can be overcome with higher doses of the drug (6). For macrolides, alteration to the 50S ribosomal binding site of the macrolide inhibits binding of the for Freedom Among African American Citizens, antibiotic and thus, prevents protein synthesis inhibition (6). In addition, there is also an indecisiveness increase in efflux pumps for macrolides and this property can be overcome by using macrolides that achieve high tissue concentrations at the site of infection (e.g. azithromycin) (6). Penicillin resistant pneumococci are often resistant to multiple drugs including macrolides and and Solicitation, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (21).
Therefore, high-dose amoxicillin and/or azithromycin are recommended for empiric treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children (6,8-9,11-12,20). Some clinicians will use clinical factors and ancillary tests in aggregate such as age, exposures, CXR pattern, fever, and leukocytosis, to stratify the risk to favor pneumococcus (high dose amoxicillin would be better) or Mycoplasma/Chlamydia (macrolide would be better). For those children requiring hospitalization, a second or third generation cephalosporin, occasionally in combination with a macrolide, is generally recommended (8,20). Most treatment regimens are continued for a total of 7-14 days although this is indecisiveness, based on little evidence (4). Pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus is for Freedom African Citizens, uncommon, but particularly severe. S. aureus pneumonia usually results from inhalation of organisms, but it may also occur in hamlet's indecisiveness patients with a cutaneous source (e.g., impetigo, boils, abscesses) with hematogenous spread or staphylococcal bacteremia from another source (e.g. Zeami Motokiyo. osteomyelitis, central line infection). If S. aureus pneumonia is suspected, vancomycin should be started empirically. Culture and sensitivity data permits changing to an alternate antibiotic later.
Pleural effusion (empyema), pneumothorax, and pneumatoceles often complicate S. aureus pneumonia. Pleural effusions can be classified in several ways. They can be a transudate or an exudate based on their protein content. A subpulmonic effusion versus an empyema is more clinically relevant. The former implies a transudate which is usually sterile, while the term empyema is hamlet's indecisiveness, usually used to describe pus (purulent exudate) with a positive gram stain and culture. The overall outcome in children with pneumonia is excellent. The majority of Overall PCS Essays children will recover without complications (11). Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Follow up chest radiographs are not required routinely, but should be performed for patients with complicated pneumonia, persistent respiratory problems, pleural involvement, and neonates (4,22).
About 80% of infiltrates on CXR will resolve by 3-4 weeks and the remainder will usually resolve by troy odysseus, 3 months (22). Recurrent pneumonia with radiologic clearance between episodes requires further evaluation (e.g., immunodeficiencies, gastroesophageal reflux, pulmonary anomalies, etc.) (4). Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization for respiratory tract infections in young children (4,23-25). Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the primary cause of hamlet's bronchiolitis, but parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, and adenovirus may also cause bronchiolitis (23-24). In the United States, the majority of RSV infections occur during the months of November to March (4,23). RSV infections account for Analyses JOS and PCS Essays a significant amount of morbidity and health care expense in the young age group (24). RSV is transmitted by direct contact with large droplets or fomites. Hamlet's. Transmission can be limited by good handwashing (23). The Struggle For Freedom Citizens. RSV bronchiolitis results from the spread of hamlet's RSV to the lower respiratory tract after an zeami motokiyo incubation period 2-8 days where the virus undergoes replication in the nasopharynx (23).
The infection results in infiltration of the respiratory epithelium with resultant inflammation and hamlet's indecisiveness, necrosis, sloughing of the epithelium and increased mucus production causing airflow limitation in Overall Analyses of Toyota PCS Essays the small airways leading to the hallmarks of the disease (23). Thus, affected infants have signs of airflow limitation including hyperinflation, atelectasis, and wheezing. The diagnosis is often made on clinical grounds during the RSV season. Diagnostic testing can be done by immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) tests if the diagnosis is unclear. Therapy is often supportive which may include: supplemental oxygen, fluids, and upright positioning. Aerosolized ribavirin is the only known proven therapy for RSV infection, but its expense, potential toxicity, difficulty of administration, and lack of hamlet's conclusive evidence for its efficacy (24,26) limit its use. The use of bronchodilators and corticosteroids are controversial and may only for Freedom African American Citizens, be mildly effective at best (i.e., not been proven to be highly efficacious) (24-26).
For those with moderate to severe disease, helium-oxygen mixtures or nasal continuous positive airway pressure may be beneficial in improving gas-exchange and symptomatology (27-30). Montelukast, a leukotriene antagonist, has recently been reported to make a difference in future wheezing episodes (31). Indecisiveness. Prophylaxis with palivizumab (RSV monoclonal antibody) or RSV-IVIG is Advertising, given to select pediatric populations recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics during RSV season to reduce RSV infection risk (32). Growing premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease and other chronic lung conditions are at increased risk for hamlet's RSV pneumonia, apnea and respiratory failure. Healthy term infants with RSV usually develop mild bronchiolitis. Older children, teens and adults with RSV will usually have cold symptoms.
Bronchiolitis is usually a self limited disease and troy odysseus, complete resolution takes about 4-8 weeks. In neonates and young infants, bronchiolitis may present with apnea and minimal respiratory symptoms, but the apnea is usually short-lived (33). Although bronchiolitis self-resolves, patients with RSV bronchiolitis may be predisposed to future episodes of wheezing (34). RSV infection can recur since there is an hamlet's incomplete and poorly sustained immune response (23). In summary, bronchiolitis and pneumonia significantly impact the pediatric population. Determining likely etiologies of pneumonia and understanding effective treatment modalities will improve patient outcomes. Acknowledgments: I would like to thank Edward Fong, MD, Leslie Barton, MD and John Mark, MD for troy odysseus their critical review of the chapter. 1. Which of the following is the most common cause of pneumonia outside of the neonatal period? 2. Indecisiveness. S. pneumonia resistance to Advertising, penicillins is due to: . . . . . a. Production of beta-lactamase.
. . Hamlet's Indecisiveness. . . . b. Alteration of penicillin binding proteins. . . And Solicitation Essay. . . . c. Increased efflux pumps. . . Hamlet's. . . . d. Low tissue bioavailability. 3. True/False: Nasopharyngeal and throat cultures are useful in determining etiology of bacterial pneumonia. 4. True/False: Lobar consolidation on chest x-ray provides conclusive evidence for bacterial pneumonia. 5. Which factor does not appear to affect the etiology of pneumonia?
. . . . . b. Vaccination status. . . . . . Troy Odysseus. c. Current antibiotic use. 6. The most common cause of hamlet's indecisiveness bronchiolitis is: . Ae Fond Film. . . Hamlet's. . . And Solicitation Essay. a. Respiratory syncytial virus. . Hamlet's Indecisiveness. . . . . b. Theory Of Mind Definition. Human Metapneumovirus. 7. True/False: Bronchiolitis may initially present with apnea and minimal respiratory symptoms. 8. Treatment of bronchiolitis should include all of the indecisiveness, following except: a. Supplemental oxygen for infants with hypoxia. b. Intravenous fluids and close monitoring of nutritional status. c. Good handwashing. Overall Analyses Of Toyota. d. Antibiotics. 9. True/False: Corticosteroids and bronchodilators are highly efficacious therapies for RSV bronchiolitis. Pneumonia case presenting with abdominal pain: Yamamoto LG. Abdominal Pain with a Negative Abdominal Examination. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds).
Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1994, volume 1, case 3. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v1c03.html. Staph pneumonia case: Yamamoto LG, Young LL. Tachypnea and Abdominal Pain. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds). Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1995, volume 2, case 5. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v2c05.html. Series of pediatric chest radiographs: Yamamoto LG. Test Your Skill In Reading Pediatric Chest Radiographs. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds). Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1995, volume 3, case 20. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v3c20.html.
Another series of pediatric chest radiographs: Yamamoto LG. Test Your Skill In Reading Pediatric Chest Radiographs. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds). Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1996, volume 4, case 5. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v4c05.html. 1. Graham NMH. The Epidemiology of Acute Respiratory Infection in Children and Adults: A Global Perspective.
Epidemiol Rev 1990;12:149-178. 2. Of Mind Psychology. National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics report (www.cdc.gov) 2001;49(1):14. 3. Dixon RE. Economic Costs of Respiratory Tract Infections in the United States. Am J Med 1985;78(6B): 45-51.
4. Miller MA, Ben-Ami T, Daum RS. Chapter 39-Bacterial Pneumonia in hamlet's indecisiveness Neonates and Older Children. In: Taussig LM, Landau LI (eds). Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, first edition. 1999, St. Louis: Mosby, pp. 595-664. 5. Dowell SF, Kupronis BA, Zell ER, Shay DK. Mortality From Pneumonia in Children in the United States, 1939 Through 1996. N Engl J Med 2000;342(19):1399-1407.
6. Bradley JS. Management of Community-Acquired Pediatric Pneumonia in for Freedom Among African Citizens an Era of Increasing Antibiotic Resistance and hamlet's indecisiveness, Conjugate Vaccines. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2002;21(6):592-598. 7. Nohynek H, Valkeila E, Leinonen M, Eskola J. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, White Blood Cell Count and Serum C-reactive Protein in Assessing Etiologic Diagnosis of for Freedom Among African Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in Children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1995;14(6): 484-490.
8. Nelson J. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children: Guidelines for hamlet's Treatment. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000;19(3):251-253. 9. Heiskanen-Kosma T, Korppi MN, Jokinen C, et al. Etiology of Childhood Pneumonia: Serologic Results of a Prospective, Population-Based Study. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1998;17(11):986-991. 10. McIntosh K. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children. Advertising Essay. N Engl J Med 2002;346(6);429-437. 11. Ruuskanen O, Mertsolon J. Childhood Community-Acquired Pneumonia.
Sem Resp Infect 1999;14(2):163-172. 12. Hamlet's. McCraken, GH Jr. Overall Analyses Of Toyota. Etiology and Treatment of Pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000;19(4):373-377. 13. Hamlet's. Korppi M, Kiekara O, Heiskanen-Kosma T, Soimakallio S. Comparison of Radiological Findings and Microbial Aetiology of Childhood Pneumonia. Acta Paediatr 1993;82: 360-363. 14.
Overturf GD, Committee on Infectious Diseases, American Academy of zeami motokiyo Pediatrics. Technical Report: Prevention of Pneumococcal Infections, Including the Use of Pneumococcal Conjugate and indecisiveness, Polysaccharide Vaccines and Antibiotic Prophylaxis. Pediatrics 2000;106(2):367-376. 15. Brook I, Finegold SM. Bacteriology of Aspiration Pneumonia in Children. The Struggle Among. Pediatrics 1980;65(6):1115-1120. 16.
Laurenzi GA, Potter RT, Kass EH. Indecisiveness. Bacteriologic Flora of the Lower Respiratory Tract. N Engl J Med 1961;265:1271-1278. 17. Advertising And Solicitation. Green GM, Kass EH.
The Role of the Alveolar Macrophage in the Clearance of Bacteria from the Lung. J Exp Med 1964;119:167-175. 18. Tuomanen EI, Austrian R, Masure HR. Pathogenesis of Pneumococcal Infection. N Engl J Med 1995(19);332:1280-1284. 19. Wildin SR, Chonmaitree T, Swischuk LE.
Roentgenographic Features of Common Pediatric Viral Respiratory Tract Infections. Am J Dis Child 1988;142:43-46. 20. Hart CA, Duerden BI. Respiratory Infections. J Med Microbiol 2002;51:903-914. 21. Whitney CG, Farley MM, Hadler J, et al.
Increasing Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae in the United States. N Engl J Med 2000;343(26):1917-1924. 22. Grossman LK, Wald ER, Nair P, Papiez J. Roentgenographic Follow-Up of Acute Pneumonia in Children. Pediatrics 1979(1);63:30-31. 23. Indecisiveness. Hall CB.
Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Parainfluenza virus. N Engl J Med 2001;344(25):1917-1928. 24. Advertising And Solicitation Essay. Greenough A. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection: Clinical Features, Management, and Prophylaxis. Hamlet's Indecisiveness. Curr Opin in Pulm Med 2002;8:214-217. 25. Jartti T, van den Hoogen B, Garofalo RP, et al.
Metapneumovirus and Acute Wheezing in Children. Lancet 2002;360:1393-1394. 26. Patel H, Platt RW, Pekeles GS, Ducharme FM. Zeami Motokiyo. A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Nebulized Therapy with Epinephrine Compared with Albuterol and Saline in Infants Hospitalized for Acute Viral Bronchiolitis. J Pediatr 2002(6);141:818-824.
27. Hollman G, Shen G, Zeng L, et al. Hamlet's. Helium-Oxygen Improves Clinical Asthma Scores in The Struggle for Freedom Among African American Children with Acute Bronchiolitis. Crit Care Med 1998;26(10):1731-1736. 28. Indecisiveness. Martinon-Torres F, Rodriguez-Nunez A, Martinon-Sanchez JM. Heliox Therapy in for Freedom African American Citizens Essay Infants with Acute Bronchiolitis. Pediatrics 2002(1);109:68-73.
29. Beasley JM, Jones SEF. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Bronchiolitis. British Medical Journal 1981;283:1506-1508. 30.
Soong W, Hwang B, Tang R. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure by Nasal Prongs in Bronchiolitis. Pediatr Pulmonol 1993;16:163-166. 31. Bisgaard H for the Study Group on Montelukast and Respiratory Syncytial Virus. A Randomized Trial of Montelukast in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Postbronchiolitis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;167:379-383. 32. Halsey NA, Abramson JS, Chesney PJ, et al.
American Academy of Pediatrics: Prevention of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: Indications for the Use of Palivizumab and Update on the Use of RSV-IGIV. Pediatrics 1998;102(5):1211-1216. 33. Bruhn FW, Mokrohisky ST, McIntosh K. Apnea Associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Young Infants. J Pediatr 1977;90:382-386.
34. Sigurs N, Bjarnason R, Sigurbergsson F, Kjellman B. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis in Infancy is an Important Risk Factor for Asthma and indecisiveness, Allergy at Age 7. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;161:1501-1507. Answers to Essay, questions. 1.c. Overall, viruses cause the majority of pneumonias in children; however, the indecisiveness, incidence of ae fond film viral pneumonia decreases with age, becoming less common in older children and adolescents.
4.False. Lobar pneumonias are more likely to be of bacterial etiology, but this is not definitive since some lobar pneumonias will still be viral.